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Please check solutions to Error Uncertainty calculations!

  1. Sep 19, 2011 #1
    Please check if my solutions are correct or if I am totally wrong. Thank you!

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data[/b]
    In an experiment to measure the density of a steel ball. The diameter of the ball is d= 1.76 +- 0.02 cm and the mass to be m= 22 +- 1g. (include error calculations and report values with uncertainties.)

    a) The volume of a sphere is given by V = 4/3 x pie x r^3. What is the volume of the ball in m^3?

    Attempt Solution: d= 1.76 +- 0.02 cm --> 0.0176 +- 0.0002 m
    r= 0.00088 +- 0.0001 m

    V = 4/3 x pie x r^3
    = 4/3 x pie x (0.00088)^3
    = 2.85 x 10^-6

    Uncertainty:
    V = V(3xr)
    = (2.85 x 10^-6 )((3)(0.00010/0.0176))
    = 4.86 x 10^-8

    Final: V= 2.85 x 10^-6 +- 2.77 x 10^-13 m^3


    b) Density is given by p= m/v. What is the density of the ball in kg/m^3/

    0.022 +- 0.001 kg

    p=(0.022/2.85x10^-6)
    = 7719.3 kg/m^3

    Uncertainty: P = P(m/m + V/V)
    = 7719.3 ((0.001/0.022) + (4.86x10^-8)/(2.85x10^-6))
    = 478.98

    Final: P= 7719 +- 479 kg/m^3

    c) Is your value consistent with a tabulated value of 7860 kg/m^3

    How do I answer this scientifically?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 19, 2011 #2
    I don't know if the error propagation method you use is satifactory enough but I strongly suggest to use the least squares method.

    Anyway, to answer (c) you can use the percentage difference criterion. You can also answer it by checking if the accepted value falls within the range of the calculated value.
     
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