Powering 5K BTU 115V Air Conditioner in Auto

  • Thread starter panoptic
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Folks

This is my first post to Physics Forum. I've started a project to put air conditioning into my '86 Westfalia van. The stock AC never worked and was ill-designed with huge long runs of tubing back and forth in the van, so I've removed it. I located the smallest possible 115 V AC window unit, a 5000BTU Frigidaire, only about 1 1/4 cubic ft, 40 pounds, and believe I can power it while the engine is running.

The window AC unit uses 515 watts, which would be 515/12 = 43 amps at 12 volts. The stock alternator is rated at 90 amps. Do you think I can attach a 750 watt rated inverter to the generator and have it work? How much margin do I need for the alternator and inverter?

I'm thinking to get an ammeter to test actual current flow in the AC unit, both at start-up and under load, then to test current flow from the alternator under various conditions with the engine running in the van. Suggestions where to get an AC/DC ammeter with that capacity?

Options would be to install a larger alternator, larger inverter, or maybe I could find an alternator that puts out 115V AC and install it in the engine bay where the AC compressor used to be? Is there such a thing? Would that make more sense?

Larry Burt
Portland, Oregon
 

Answers and Replies

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measure the DC aperage because it takes more amperage from the battery than the AC is for example an incandescant 60 watt light bulb makes the inverter draw 5.22 amps of current but only draws 2 amps itself and some inverters cannot run an inductive load (motors, power tools, ect.)
as for the 115v alternator, they don't make them (at least i don't think they do),but certain AC motors can be converted to AC generators.
 

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