Pressure caused by beam of molecular oxygen

  • #1
TheGreatExplainer

Homework Statement


A beam of molecular oxygen containing 1010 molecules/cm3 and average speed of 500 m/s strikes (elastic collision) a plate at an angle of 30º with the normal direction.
Calculate the exerted pressure on the plate.

Homework Equations


P = Impluse x Flux

The Attempt at a Solution


I tried to use the equation in the attached file but in this case we have a constant angle so I can´t just simply integrate.

Any help would be appreciated.
 

Attachments

  • Captura de ecrã 2017-11-03, às 15.41.35.png
    Captura de ecrã 2017-11-03, às 15.41.35.png
    12 KB · Views: 400
Last edited by a moderator:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Charles Link
Homework Helper
Insights Author
Gold Member
2020 Award
5,039
2,333

Homework Statement


A beam of molecular oxygen containing 1010 molecules/cm3 and average speed of 500 m/s strikes (elastic collision) a plate at an angle of 30º with the normal direction.
Calculate the exerted pressure on the plate.

Homework Equations


P = Impluse x Flux

The Attempt at a Solution


I tried to use the equation in the attached file but in this case we have a constant angle so I can´t just simply integrate.

Any help would be appreciated.
The equation you have in the "link" looks like it is for the pressure that a gas has when it is inside a container. It does not apply here. In some ways this problem is easier, because the beam is only going in one direction, and every particle has the same velocity. ## \\ ## First of all, you need to compute ## m ## for the molecule. ## \\ ## Next, the number of incident particles/unit time per unit area will be decreased from that of the normal direction because of the ## 30^o ## angle. The first thing you need though is the number of particles per second per unit area that cross the plane normal to the beam. Then find the number per second incident at the surface tilted at ## 30^o ##. You then need to compute the momentum change of each particle. Once you have that, it should start to come together. ## \\ ## An additional input: Since Force is equal to the rate of change of momentum, the Pressure, which is force/area, should equal to the rate of change of momentum per unit area=you need to find how much the momentum is changing per second per unit area. ## \\ ## Suggestion: Draw a vector diagram to compute the momentum change of each molecule.
 
Last edited:

Related Threads on Pressure caused by beam of molecular oxygen

  • Last Post
Replies
8
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
8
Views
15K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
690
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
7K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
3K
Replies
1
Views
509
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
11K
Top