thermodynamics

1. Temperature change brought about by radiation

I tried modeling the problem quite a few ways. one was to say that the difference between the heat emitted by the room and the heat emitted by the bulbs would equal the heat absorbed by the room, and that could allow us to calculate temperature. This did not work. I'd appreciate your help
2. Calculate internal temperature and energy changes

Question (These are incorrect values) Attempt I used and then found the respective change in temperature. However for the last question I have no idea, do I sum up the net change in temperature and use But then what is the work and how do we figure it out?
3. Thermodynamics - How to find an "adiabat"?

I tried this... but I'm not sure if I'm doing it right or maybe there's a simpler way. Thanks for your time or help :) The fundamental relation is: $${S \over R} = {UV \over N} - {N^3 \over UV}$$ but I used $$s=S/N, u=U/N, v=V/N$$ to obtain $${s \over R} = uv - {1 \over uv}$$ then I did...
4. Phase transition between two phases with different Cv

I actually cant figure out what kind of phase transition it is and how to proceed through..!
5. How to calculate the transition temperature in this problem?

Summary: The transition Sn(s, gray) ⇌ Sn(s, white) is in equilibrium at 18°C and 1 atm pressure. If ΔS = 8.811K mol for the transition at 18°C and if the densities are 5.75 g/cm3 for gray tin and 7.28 g/cm3 for white tin, calculate the transition temperature under 100 atm pressure The...

24. Simple thermo question: Is the pressure inside the balloon the same as the outside pressure?

1. Homework Statement 2. Homework Equations Ideal gas law 3. The Attempt at a Solution The solution to this problem assumes the pressure inside the balloon is the same as the outside pressure, i.e. atmospheric pressure. Is this a valid assumption? I would guess otherwise.
25. Equation of state of a solid

1. Homework Statement Find the equation of state of a solid that has an isobaric expansion coefficient dV/dT = 2cT - bp and an isothermal pressure-volume coefficient dV/dp = -bT (Assume the solid has a volume Vo at zero temperature and pressure. Enter a mathematical equation. Use any variable...
26. I Can the volume of a control volume change with time?

Can an expanding balloon be considered a control volume?
27. Pressurized gas container gets opened

1. Homework Statement I have an empty 2-Liter bottle. It contains 3 g of air inside with an initial air pressure of 1105 mb. When I open it (which is an adiabatic process), I release the pressure which is instantaneous. The pressure then becomes standard atmospheric pressure. What is the...
28. Derive an expression from the Gibbs-Thompson relation

1. Homework Statement The Gibbs-Thompson relation provides a correlation between solubility and radius of curvature. Consider two spherical particles of radius r and R present in a solvent, with R >> r. The rate of dissolution of the smaller particles (the rate of decrease in its radius with...
29. Calculate the "surface energy" of succesively smaller cubes

1. Homework Statement NaCl has a density of 2.16 g/cm3 and a surface energy of 2x10-5 J/cm2. Calculate the surface energy of 1 g of NaCl. Initially the complete 1 g is in the form of a single cube (of mass 1 g) and progressively broken into smaller cubes with sides of 0.1 cm, 0.01 cm, 10 μm, 1...
30. I Types of thermodynamic work

In thermodynamics, what is the relationship between the terms, "pressure–volume work", "mechanical work", "non-mechanical work", "∫pdV", and "-∫Vdp"?