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Question on conservation of energy

  1. Oct 28, 2013 #1
    The coefficient of friction between a 3 kg block resting on a flat table, is 0.400. A 5 kg mass is hanging off the table attached to the first mass by a lightweight rope on a frictionless pulley. The system starts at rest. What is the speed of the 5 kg ball when it has fallen 1.5 m.

    Solution is attached.


    I don't get solution at all. Where are they choosing the reference point for gravity? Can someone just briefly explain. Ive been stuck on this for the last half an hour, and am just getting more confused.

    Thanks :)

    Also, if this is suppose to go in the hw forum (i debated where to put it), please move it there. Sorry in advance.
     

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 28, 2013 #2

    cepheid

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    Hopefully you understand a key point about potential energy: that we are free to choose the reference point to be wherever we want. The absolute value of potential energy at a point has no meaning: only differences in potential energy between two points matter. In this case, they've chosen height to be measured relative to the final position of the hanging mass. So, this position is 0 m. That's why there is no Uf term on the right hand side. It's zero. Therefore, when calculating Ui, h = 1.5 m.


    It would help if you were a little more specific about what you didn't understand. The solution is given line-by-line. At which line did you stop following? The whole of the physics content is in the first line (conservation of energy). The first line of the solution says:

    (Initial potential energy) - (energy lost due to friction) = final kinetic energy.

    That's all the physics content. The rest of the solution is just algebra.

    YES, of course it does! Homework threads go in the homework forums, and they must make use of the homework posting template that is provided there. Read the site rules! I've let you off this time, and moved your thread.
     
  4. Oct 29, 2013 #3
    A few questions (I'm not sure how best to put this in a paragraph);

    1] Generally, are you allowed to use two SEPARATE reference points for gravity? Like can you use two different reference points for two different objects? (i guess it doesn't apply in this case-but it could possibly be useful in another).

    2] The work done by friction is nonconservative, therefore it goes on the LHS. Is this correct thinking?

    Thanks a lot, I think i get it now.
     
  5. Oct 29, 2013 #4
    1. Usually, we are concerned with *change* in potential energy, which means that reference points are just there to facilitate this calculation. (Yes, if the calculations are independent of each other, you can use different reference points.)

    2. An object starts with a certain amount of energy. Over time, if friction is exerted on it, it loses a certain amount of energy due to friction. Therefore, this energy should be placed on the right side of the equation, to be added along with the remaining energy it has and setting this sum equal to how much energy the object started with.
     
  6. Oct 29, 2013 #5
    re

    Thanks, also i saw a problem which used two separate reference points. (see attached).
    The tick marks on each side of the triangle represent final/ending points of the the masses. Also each separate mass had it's own reference point. Is this legal to do?
     

    Attached Files:

  7. Oct 29, 2013 #6
    Yes, because the change in potential energies is what the problem deals with. (For example, a ball dropped from 10m off the ground has kinetic energy mg(delta)h where (delta)h = 10 when it reaches the ground. Regardless of where the reference point is, (delta)h will always equal 10 when finding the energy of the ball almost touching the ground)
     
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