Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Question regarding electronic ground state

  1. Jun 12, 2006 #1
    hi can anyone please help me

    I came across this statement "Since we only consider the electronic ground state of the system, there can be no net force or torque acting upon the subsystem of classically behaving nuclei". Can anyone explain what this means?
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 13, 2006 #2
    The ground state of an atom refers to its lowest energy state. In other words, it is not interacting/reacting with other atoms. The net force or torque that is mentioned is referring to such interactions of the electrons.
  4. Jun 13, 2006 #3


    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Please tell us where you read this and in what chapter and what context.
  5. Jun 13, 2006 #4
    scarecrow thanks but can u explain in some more detail?

    gokul this is from a paper " quantum mechanical stress and a generalized virial theorem for clusters and solids", phys rev b vol 37 (pp 8167).

    the paper deals with providing a quantum mechanical framework for stress and force but since i have a mech engg background i am having some difficulties. thanks for helping out
  6. Jul 26, 2006 #5
    this is the basis of Carr-Parinello quantum dynamics - an extended langrangian is used to impose constraints that force the electrons into the ground state. it's gets results similar to born-oppenheimer MD at a fraction of the computational cost
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook