# Rate of change of quantum levels (emission spectra) at 333 cm sized atoms

1. May 22, 2012

### beanangel300

Hi there, my comparatively ignorant mind is wondering,

When an atomic transmutation occurs all of the quantum levels of the new atom also change

1) what is the actual rate of this change? would a nonplayer "observer photon" passing near the suddenly different element note the quantum level possibilities of the new element radiating outwards from the nucleus at the speed of light

or

2) would all the quantum levels (spectral lines) change simultaneously, absent any "chonodistance" effects as a result of the absolute possibilities of the new nucleus.

further, at a big transmuted atom with lots of electrons, when all the electrons move to the new quantum levels permitted at the new nucleus what are the energy equations that say where this (variously) extra or required energy comes from. also, does the new spectral level shifting of dozens of electrons have a computational energy meaning? do different transmutations create very different "numbers of possible quantum level positions per each electron (possibly factorial)" that actually suggest fairly large numbers of discrete states as a result of a fairly simple fission

I have read that at deep space the radius of a hydrogen atom is about .3 meters, so apparently there is a very wide area of nstantaneuity. Does that suggest anything about the nteraction of lots on non or minimally nteracting observer particles with a 333 cm area of sudden quantum difference?

Last edited: May 22, 2012
2. May 22, 2012

Staff Emeritus
I have no idea what you are talking about, but a hydrogen atom in space does not have a radius of .3 m. It's the same size as it is everywhere else.

3. May 23, 2012

### Staff: Mentor

While Eigenstates might change simultaneously (they are just a mathematical model of your atom), the wave functions do not (unless you follow some collapse interpretations and measure something).
In any way, a measurement of spectral lines takes a time which is at least comparable to the size of the atom. Otherwise energy/time uncertainty kills the possibility to get a meaningful energy measurement.

You can produce excited states of the hydrogen atom with a large radius (rydberg atoms, but you have to do this in the lab and "large" is still of the order of micrometers, not meters.