https://arxiv.org/pdf/1710.11425.pdf The dark matter/dark energy issues has not made any sense to me since 1996 when it was evident that the ratio of dark matter increased as the volume of space measured increased. This was an obvious affect of empty space in the dark matter question that was being ignored. I thought at the time that it might have something to do with the affect of a gravity well on the passage of time. But that was not a valid concept. Then along comes Andre Maeder, my new superhero, to solve this 25 year old thorn in my brain. Thank you Andre Maeder!!! The old guard is yelling about gravitational lensing and whatnot, but Scale Invariance. Scale Invariance. Scale Invariance. I could say it 100 times. Happy, Happy Happy.