In Eq. 38-18 Keep both terms, putting A=B=Ψo. The equation then describes the superposition of two matter waves of equal amplitude, travelling in opposite directions.(Recall that this is the condition for a standing wave.)
(a) Show that |Ψ(x,t)|^2=2Ψo^2[1+Cos(2kx)]
(b) Plot tihs function, and demonstrate that it describes the square of the amplitude of a standing matter wave.
(c) Show that the nodes of this standing wave are located at
x=(2n+1)1/4(λ) where n=1,2,3,. . .
and λ is the de Broglie wavelength of the particle.
(d) Write a similar expression for the most probable locations of the particle.
(1) Ψ(x,t)=Ae^[i(kx-wt)]+Be^[-i(kx-wt)] (this is Eq. 38-18)
(2) λ=h/p (de Broglie wavelength)
The Attempt at a Solution
What i did was took equation 1 above and substituted B in for A on the first part. That gave me
I then substituted (kx-wt) for θ so that I could use equations 3 and 4. This yielded(after some algebra):
Next i used the angle difference formula to separate the KX and WT and then I squared both sides of the equations. After about 4 more lines of work and some degree reducing I ended with and have hit a roadblock:
4B^2=cos(kx)cos(wt)Cos(kx-wt)+ (1-cos2kx)/2 + (1-cos2wt)/2
The last two terms were sin^2(kx) sin^2(wt) but i reduced the degrees because the final equation i'm looking for is all cosines.