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SHM and Conservation of Energy/Momentum

  1. Jun 18, 2015 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    One end of a spring is attached to a wall to a block of mass X= 2kg (on a frictionless horizontal table). Another mass M of 150g moving at a speed of 7m/s collides (inelastic). This takes 0.4s to compress the spring to its max compression.
    I have to find the max force of contact between X and M after the collision. And then the energy of the system when the force between the masses is half this max value.

    2. Relevant equations
    0.5kx^2
    0.5mv^2 = 11.025 m/s (for mass M)
    m1v1=m2v2
    p=m*v
    T = 1.6s (since it takes 0.4s for 1/4 of the period)
    3. The attempt at a solution
    I know energy will be conserved, so the energy from the spring, and from the mass X is needed. However, since the spring constant k, and the amount it's compressed by isn't given, I'm not sure how to do 0.5kx^2. I'm confused with what the 'max force of contact' between the two masses is. Is that considered impulse? I think I'd have to find the velocity of the two combined during the collision, and then using conservation to find the velocity after it?
    But I'm not sure...how to relate them.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 18, 2015 #2

    mfb

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    2016 Award

    Staff: Mentor

    How can an energy be equal to a velocity?
    What are m1, v1, m2, v2?
    Where? Everywhere?

    Start with the correct time order, i. e. the inelastic collision first. That will make the second part with the spring easier.
     
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