I had mixed feelings when the first Indian unmanned lunar mission came under sharp criticism, the most common argument was that “should a country with such a poverty rate ,malnutrition and one the lowest per capita GDP really be spending on development of such technologies that are usually done in the in developed world”? One of my arguments is that for too long we have depended on the west for sophisticated technologies. The developing world cannot endlessly depend on the west when it comes to science and technology . There has to be some attempt from the developing world to do something on their own and just buying everything from the west doesn’t do anything good. There are big social ,economical and political problems but does that mean the government has to simply halt all the scientific research and development programs intended to produce indigenous technologies and focus only on such problems ?Such a move will badly affect the already poor track record of the developing world when comes to developing indigenous technologies and we may never catch up with the west. Poverty ,malnutrition and other problems cannot be solved overnight, there are policies and projects set up by the government to combat these problems but still it may require decades to happen as it is plagued by inefficient governance and corruption. what do the critics think the government should do? Distribute free money to all the poor people??? The poor are not just poor they are also lazy (I know this by personal experience and I can’t tell everything here.) The primary intentions behind the setting up of ISRO(Indian space research organization) was to reduce the dependence on other countries for launching satellites that forecast weather and locate mineral resources and keep track on forest cover and for television etc..but recently ISRO thought of going a bit further but even then it has spent far less money for the lunar mission than what NASA or ESA or other big organizations would have spent for the same mission. ISRO neither has the capability nor the intention to match NASA or the ESA and other big organizations anytime soon, ISRO’s ambitions and capabilities are modest compared to NASA and everything is done at lowest cost possible even then ISRO is not really so unsuccessful. Comments and opinions will be appreciated.