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Slip condition for a pulled cylinder

  1. Mar 22, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Massless and inextensible string is wrapped around the periphery of a homogeneous cylinder of radius R = 0.5 m and mass m = 2 kg. The string is pulled straight away from the upper part of the periphery of the cylinder, without relative slipping. The cylinder moves on a horizontal floor, for which the friction coefficient (μ) is 0.4. What is most nearly the maximum force that can be exerted on the free end of the string so that the cylinder rolls without sliding?

    (A) 24 N
    (B) 12 N
    (C) 8 N
    (D) 6 N
    (E) 8/3 N

    2. Relevant equations

    Your general rotational equations.

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I know the answer is A. My question is, is it a completely general case that the maximum force you can apply to a cylinder is 3 times the kinetic friction before it starts to slip?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 22, 2013 #2

    TSny

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    Hi, Helmholtz.

    Did you try applying the same method that you used to find the answer (A), but using symbols rather than numbers? That way, you can get a general result and see if your conjecture is true.
     
  4. Mar 22, 2013 #3
    Thanks for the response. I have done that, but I didn't like what I did and I was wonder if this was something someone could confirm.

    Two forces directed in the same direction, one on top of the wheel, the other on the bottom. Forces add as such: F_1+F_2=ma (F_1 is the tension, F_2 is the friction), torques subtract such as F_1-F_2 = ma/2 (skipped a few steps hope it's followable). Then add them together (2*F_1 = 3/2 * ma), solve for a (a=4/3 * F_1/m), plug back into the force equation and find that 3*F_2 = F_1.

    What I don't like is that the slip condition isn't obvious to me. Why is 'a' non-zero?

    (Edit: I guess the slip condition was in the fact when I subtracted the torques and allowed \alpha = a/r)
    (Edit: I suppose 'a' can be positive and there still is no slipping, not a condition I needed to impose. But when I thought about this in my mind, I assumed a cylinder of constant velocity, which is incorrect)
     
    Last edited: Mar 22, 2013
  5. Mar 22, 2013 #4

    TSny

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    Right. The center of the cylinder is accelerating even though the cylinder is not slipping on the surface. Your analysis and comments look correct to me.
     
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