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Solve 3rd order ode using variation of parameters

  • #1

Homework Statement



Solve using variation of parameters
y''' - 2y'' - y' + 2y = exp(4t)


Homework Equations


Solve using variation of parameters


The Attempt at a Solution



I got the homogenous solutions to be 1, -1, and 2.

So, y = Aexp(t) + Bexp(-t) + Cexp(2t) + g(t)

I got W{exp(t), exp(-t), exp(2t)} = 6exp(2t)


My professor did quite an unsatisfactory job explaining variation of parameter for high order equations (spent an hour and 30 minutes trying to do 1 problem, and still didn't finish it correctly). So I just need to be pointed in the right direction.

Thanks

Homework Statement





Homework Equations





The Attempt at a Solution

 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
CompuChip
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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Actually, I got -6 exp(2t), but maybe I made a sign error in my calculation.

So the general idea is now to replace the ith column in the matrix by (0, 0, exp(4t)) and calculate the determinant |Wi| of that, for i = 1, 2, 3.
Then if you calculate
[tex]c_i(t) = \int \frac{|W_i|}{|W|} \, dt[/tex]
the general solution is
[tex]y(t) = c_1(t) e^{t} + c_2(t) e^{-t} + c_3(t) e^{-4t}[/tex]
 
  • #3
LCKurtz
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Insights Author
Gold Member
9,519
734

Homework Statement



Solve using variation of parameters
y''' - 2y'' - y' + 2y = exp(4t)


Homework Equations


Solve using variation of parameters
As a learning exercise, fine. But I assume you know nobody in their right mind would use variation of parameters to find a particular solution, eh?
 

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