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Solving Systems of Linear Equations in Two Variables- Graphs

  1. Dec 4, 2017 at 3:45 PM #1

    DS2C

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    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Solve the system of equations: { (1/2)x-y=3 and x=6+2y

    2. Relevant equations
    NA

    3. The attempt at a solution
    The solution is 3=3, which is an identity, which means that there is an infinite amount of solutions to the system. Here's where my question lies (asked my teacher but she didn't know):
    This system of equations results in two graphs, or lines. Their graphs are identical, so on a graph it would look like a single line. But are they two different lines occupying the same space on the plane, or are they the same line? I hope this makes sense. I've attached a screenshot of the problem out of the book for reference. Screen Shot 2017-12-04 at 2.39.48 PM.png
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 4, 2017 at 3:49 PM #2

    Ray Vickson

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    There is only one line. Any point (x,y) that satisfies one of the equations automatically also satisfies the other.
     
  4. Dec 4, 2017 at 3:52 PM #3

    kuruman

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    The two equations are not linearly independent which is another way of saying that one can be obtained from the other and there is only one straight line. Just multiply the bottom equation by 1/2 and move y to the left and you will see what I mean.
     
  5. Dec 4, 2017 at 4:24 PM #4

    DS2C

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    So theyre not two lines occupying the same space. They are one line that resulted from two different equations. Or are they the same equation just in different forms since multiplying by 1/2 turns it into the top one?
     
  6. Dec 4, 2017 at 4:28 PM #5

    Mark44

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    It's really only one line. The two equations are equivalent, meaning that any solutions (ordered pairs (x, y)) of one equation are also solutions of the other equation.
     
  7. Dec 4, 2017 at 4:32 PM #6

    DS2C

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    Ok thank you guys. Cleared that up.
     
  8. Dec 4, 2017 at 4:33 PM #7

    scottdave

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    You are correct, there are an infinite number of solutions. I would say that the two equations are not linearly independent, rather than saying they are the same equation.
     
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