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Spring compression of a bowling ball

  1. Feb 23, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A 5 kg bowling ball moves at 10 m/s on a flat and frictionless surface. It hits a massless bumper with a spring constant of 100 N/cm. How far (in cm) will the spring compress?

    2. Relevant equations
    |F| = |kx|
    Fnet = ma
    3. The attempt at a solution
    This is mostly a plug and chug problem, but the only piece missing is obviously force. Since moving at 10 m/s is a given, and on a flat and frictionless surface, this means that acceleration is 0 because it is going at a constant velocity. I would think that you would need to use Newton's 2nd Law - so drawing out a FBD gives me 2 forces acting on the ball in the y-direction, normal force and force due to gravity, but no forces acting on it in the x-direction. Do I even have to incorporate normal force in this problem? I was thinking that the weight of the ball is acting upon the spring, so the force in the spring equation would be easily (5 kg)(9.81 m/s^2) = 49.05 N. But is it that simple? I need some insight of my thinking.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 23, 2016 #2

    SteamKing

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    The normal force on the bowling ball has nothing to do with this problem. The weight of the bowling ball has nothing to do with this problem.

    In fact, this situation could be done in a zero gravity environment without affecting what happens to the spring when it's hit by the bowling ball.

    The ball is moving at a constant velocity, which means it also has this other property in a constant amount.

    What other property besides force will the spring possess when its compressed?
     
  4. Feb 23, 2016 #3
    Think about energy...
     
  5. Feb 23, 2016 #4
    Work total and the change in total kinetic energy is 0. I also know that total work = F*d and the change in kinetic energy = final kinetic energy - initial kinetic energy.
    I still don't understand how I can find the force...
     
  6. Feb 23, 2016 #5
    You don't need force. Write a conservation of energy equation.
     
  7. Feb 23, 2016 #6
    delta K =(1/2)m*vf^2 - (1/2)m*vi^2
    I don't understand how that helps me though? Where does the spring constant come into place?
    I think I am being clueless here because we haven't discussed about this in too much depth.
     
  8. Feb 23, 2016 #7
    The kinetic energy of the mass before it compresses the spring will equal the potential energy of the compressed spring.
     
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