# Stefan-Boltzman Law Proof with Regards to Solar Radiation

## Homework Statement

The unit area intensity of radiation from the Sun at the photosphere is 6.33*107 W/m2.

a) Check this value using the calculus of the Stefan-Boltzman Law, assuming the Sun is a blackbody emitter ($\epsilon$ = 1) with a surface temperature of 5777K.

## Homework Equations

Stefan-Boltzmann Law:
$$E_b = \int_0^∞ \! E_{\lambda,b} \, \mathrm{d} \lambda = σT^4$$
Planck's Law:
$$E_{\lambda, b} = {\frac{2\pi hc^2}{\lambda^5[e^{(hc/\lambda kT)}-1]}}$$

where:

$c = 2.998*10^{14} \ \mu m \ s^{-1}$
$h = 6.626 * 10^{-34} \ J \ s$
$k = 1.381 * 10^{-23} \ J/K$

## The Attempt at a Solution

I'm not sure how to solve the integral of the Stefan-Boltzmann Law. I know I can substitute $E_{\lambda, b}$ from Planck's law into the Stefan-Boltzmann law, but I have no idea how to integrate it then. Integration by substitution fails here and I have to prove using calculus, that the sun's $E_b$ is equal to 6.33*107 W/m2. Thanks.

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Dick
Homework Helper
It's not an elementary integral, as you've probably guessed. It involves zeta functions and stuff like that. You can reduce it to a dimensionless integral which contains the hard part. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan–Boltzmann_law But I'm not sure you need to do that. Doesn't it just ask you to use the Stefan-Boltzann constant? You can look that up. Do they really mean you should derive it from Planck's Law?

Last edited:
Thanks for the reply. It's certainly not. The Stefan-Boltzmann constant comes from the integration, right? No, it doesn't say I need to derive it from Planck's law. However, I don't see how to integrate it without the substitution.

Dick