# The equations of various ellipse constructions

1. Apr 16, 2016

### Appleton

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

The tangent and the normal at a point P($3\sqrt2\cos\theta,3\sin\theta)$) on the ellipse $\frac{x^2}{18}+\frac{y^2}{9}=1$ meet the y axis at T and N respectively. If O is the origin, prove that $OT.TN$ is independent of the position P. Find the coordinates of X, the centre of the circle through P, T and N. Find also the equation of the locus of the point Q on PX produced such that X is the midpoint of PQ.

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

The tangent of the ellipse is:

$3\sqrt2ysin\theta+3xcos\theta=9\sqrt2$

When x=0, $y=\frac{3}{sin\theta}=T$

The normal of the ellipse is:

$3\sqrt2xsin\theta-3ycos\theta=9sin\theta\cos\theta$

When x=0, $y=-3sin\theta=N$

$OT.ON =(\frac{3}{sin\theta})(-3sin\theta) cos\pi$

$OT.ON =9$ and is therefore independent of the position P.

If X(x, y) is the centre of the circle through P, T and N, then

$XT^2=XN^2\implies$

$x^2+y^2-\frac{6y}{sin\theta}+\frac{9}{sin^2\theta}=x^2+y^2+6y\sin\theta+9sin^2\theta$

$y=\frac{3}{2}(\frac{cos^2(\theta)}{sin\theta})$

$XT^2=XP^2\implies$

$x^2+y^2-\frac{6y}{sin\theta}+\frac{9}{sin^2\theta}=x^2+y^2+6cos\theta(3cos\theta-\sqrt2x)+3sin\theta(3sin\theta-2y)$

$x=0$

So X, the centre of the circle passing through P, T and N is $(0,\frac{3}{2}\frac{cos^2\theta}{sin\theta})$

If X is the midpoint of PQ

$x_Q=2x_X-x_P$

$x_X=0\implies x_Q=-x_P=-3\sqrt2cos\theta$

$y_Q=2y_X-y_P$

$y_X=\frac{3}{2}\frac{cos^2\theta}{sin\theta}\implies y_Q=\frac{3}{sin\theta}-6sin\theta$

$\theta=\arccos(-\frac{x_X}{3\sqrt2})$

$y=\frac{9\sqrt2}{\sqrt(18-x^2)}-2\sqrt(18-x^2)$

However my book gives a different answer:

$\frac{2x^2}{9}+\frac{9}{16y^2}=1$

I've graphed both equations and my solution seems to correlate more closely to what I would expect than the book's solution. I would very much appreciate it if someone is able to identify any errors or more efficient methods that I may have missed.

2. Apr 19, 2016

### Appleton

Hi, I'm hoping no news is good news. It's the last part of the question that i'm most curious about. Is my book correct? Or am I correct? Or neither?