Origins of various modern human populations has been the subject of a few posts recently. Below is a link to a Science mag news article on this subject. Modern Archeology has been using new tools, such as DNA analysis (of modern populations and ancient dead people) and isotope analysis (on dead people, to determine whether or not they spent different parts of their lives in the local environment (due to distinctive isotope signatures)). Traditional archeological data (to a large amount reflecting culture, not biology directly) do not directly reflect the biological origins of particular people. Presumably, the biological unit (a person with a particular set of genetic traits) can acquire cultural traits (produce pottery, other artifacts, or organizational structures) regardless of their genetics. The proper analysis of a history of people would combine them all. Using this new information, somewhat deep histories of modern human populations can be assembled. This open access article from Science mag, mostly focused on Europe, compares the empirical information with mythologized origin stories. Few match.