Every paper I read about cross-section measurements from colliders has a line saying (for example):(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

...positron-electron annihilations at [itex]\sqrt{s}[/itex] = 40 GeV are studied...

1) What does this mean? I'm guessing it means that in the CM frame, the energy of each beam is 40 GeV.

2) Why use that notation for energy? The square root of a second means nothing to me.

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# The root second notation for collider energies

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