1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Given that P & V increase in direct proportion such that When P= 1 atm, V= 1L; P=3 atm, V=3L Describe a possible setup for the pressure to rise as the volume increases. 2. Relevant equations F/A=P V= 2pi.r.h 3. The attempt at a solution Suppose a system of 1. a cylinder with volume V, height x and radius r 2. with piston with area A and radius r on top 3. and spring with spring constant k on top the piston Since pressure acts similarly in all directions, assume that the pressure P acts on A such that (-kx)/A = P Hence, if ΔV= 2pi.r.Δx → Δx= ΔV/(2pi.r) ---->(1) and ΔF/A= ΔP kΔx/A= ΔP, where A= pi.r2 ---->(2) Therefore substitute (1) into (2) for Δx, spring constant k is selected such that it fulfills k = 2pi2.r3. ΔP/ΔV The basic idea is that Fspring/A = P and at the same time it also fulfills -1/2kx2= Wvolume,pressure for when both equations uses the same P and V. I have thought of the compression of air but chose to make it negligible. The idea led from me considering that an increase in pressure when volume is increasing must come from a form of suppression/resistance. However, it is also to be noted that the main source of energy input would be from heat energy, Q. Would this make sense? Thanks for reviewing.