Thermodynamics of an Insulated Box: Water-Steam Question

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Homework Statement


A sealed, thermally insulated tank of volume 2 [itex] m^3 [/itex] has a safe working pressure of 4 bar. At 20 degrees Celcius, 10% of the volume is occupied by water, the remainder by water vapour. Calculate how much heat can be added without exceeding the safe working pressure.

This question is from "Basic Engineering Thermodynamics' - P. B. Whalley - p. 63, q6.6

Homework Equations


1st law of Thermodynamics: [itex] Q - W = \Delta U [/itex]
Other equations in the photo

The Attempt at a Solution


The attached photo is my attempt (apologies, was trying to find out how to make it just an attachment). Hopefully, it is legible, was initially working in draft...
IMG_6178.JPG


My method outline:
1. work out the initial masses of liquid and vapour
2. work out the dryness fraction
3. work out the initial (specific) internal energy
4. using ideal gas law to calculate specific volume that would give pressure of 4 bar
5. calculate final dryness fraction
6. calculate final (specific) internal energy
7. find the difference between the U values (after including mass in the calculation)

However, in step 5, I am getting a dryness fraction > 1, which doesn't make sense. I would appreciate any help regarding any flaws in my method or working.

Thanks in advance
 

Attachments

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Answers and Replies

  • #2
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In the final state, you still have liquid and vapor present. Why didn't you use the steam tables to get the specific volumes of the liquid and vapor in the final state?
 

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