# Throwing a ball horizontally on the moon and pushing it in the spacestation

Martyn Arthur
Why is there a difference in force required throwing a ball horizontally on the moon and pushing it horizontally it in the spacestation
Thanks

Gold Member
The mass and inertia of the ball is the same at both locations so no force difference there; however, there is an atmosphere maintained in the space station and therefore an aerodynamic drag resistance, whereas there is very little atmosphere on he moon so there is essentially no aerodynamic drag resistance there.

Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
Why is there a difference in force required throwing a ball horizontally on the moon and pushing it horizontally it in the spacestation
Thanks
The first question would be: What difference are you referring to?

• nasu
Martyn Arthur
Thank you; I will try to be more clear, taking gravity away from all.
On the moon the astronaut requires the same force to throw the ball horizontally in the space station as the astronaut would on Earth.
On the space station would it require the same force to move a ball one meter, as it would to move the same ball horizontally one meter on Earth/ the Moon in the absence of friction and air pressure?

Martyn Arthur

Mentor
On the space station would it require the same force to move a ball one meter, as it would to move the same ball horizontally one meter on Earth/ the Moon in the absence of friction and air pressure?
Force doesn't move things, it changes their speed. The relevant equation is Newton's second law ##F=ma##; ##m## is the same in both cases so the same force will change the speed (##a## is the acceleration and that's just another word for "change of speed") by the same amount. And once you've started it moving, in the absence of friction and air resistance it will keep moving, so no matter how small a force you apply for how short of a time if you wait long enough it will have moved one meter.

• PeroK
Gold Member
Could it be that the OP is talking about launching the same object so that it travels parallel with the surface of the Moon / Earth? It strikes me that the object would already be traveling horizontally in the space station if it's in a circular orbit so no force would be needed. If it's on the Moon's surface then you would need to accelerate it until it is in, effectively, a circular orbit at zero height above the surface. The Force needed would depend on how long or over what distance it acted so more information would be needed.