Hi, I'm trying to learn Fourier transforms by myself. I'm a bit confused about how the trignometric polynomial complex form was derived. I'm refering to this: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trigonometric_polynomial Now, I haven't taken complex analysis so I only know the basics. I used Euler's formula and got that far but I'm not sure what to do next. Thanks
Substitute [tex]\cos(nx)=\frac{e^{inx}+e^{-inx}}{2}, ~\sin(nx)=\frac{e^{inx}-e^{-inx}}{2i}[/tex] in the series and rearrange everything. This should give you the required form.