- #1

Eagletsam

- 2

- 0

## Homework Statement

Some students have just drawn my attention to the problem of particle motion under central force where the x and y coordinates are specified as functions of time, such as

x(t) = A [ kt – cos(βt) ]

y(t) = B [ 1 – sin(βt) ],

(here A, B, β and k are constants).

## Homework Equations

The problem is to determine the radial and tangential orbital velocities (orbit assumed to be elliptical), and recover the canonical form of the equation (x

^{2}/a

^{2}+ y

^{2}/b

^{2}= 1).

I have tried to figure this out for a few days without much success. Can anyone assist please?

## The Attempt at a Solution

Express position vector

**r**as

r = [x

^{2}+ y

^{2}]

^{1/2}

and evaluate dr/dt to obtain velocity as function of t. But this leads to messy calculation, which does not yield the angular and radial dependence.

Equally, attempt to eliminate t and obtain an equation in x and y proves quite hard.

We have also thought of coordinate transformation from (x,y,a,b) to (u,v,c,d) where u,v are velocity axes, but could not quite effect that.