# Unconventional capacitors connection

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1. Jan 17, 2017

### Drako Amorim

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Hello everyone. The problem is related to these two capacitor connections:

In the enunciate it is said that these two are equivalent and it is requested to prove that:

1. C1=(CxCy+CyCz+CzCx)/Cx
2. C2=(CxCy+CyCz+CzCx)/Cy
3. C1=(CxCy+CyCz+CzCx)/Cz
2. Relevant equations

C=Q/Vab (Capacitance definition)

3. The attempt at a solution

My problem with the solution is that I do not know how to analyze them, because of the two potentials differences.

My progress:

It is seen that the two potential differences and the two electric charges are the same in the two arrangements, so I tried to isolate Vac and Vbc in function of the electric charges: to no avail.

I noticed that in the first image, the capacitor at the top will have an electric charge merged from the two originals, that I call q3, so the left capacitor will have a charge of q1 - q3 (or q1+q3?) and the another will have a charge of q2+q3(or q2-q3?), I believe of that order do not import.

Can you give me a light on how to do this? Sorry for my poor English, I'm not proficient.

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2. Jan 17, 2017

### Staff: Mentor

The first configuration is a π (Pi) configuration, and the second is a "T" configuration. I think the best way to work with this is to express the capacitors as impedances. Figure out the math to make the input and output impedances the same, and the transfer functions the same.

You could also do it first for resistors, since the math is a bit simpler for resistors. Maybe try it with resistors and post your work here so we can comment?

3. Jan 17, 2017

### haruspex

Not sure what you mean by that.
You understand that the question is saying that whatever the voltages applied, if you apply the same voltages to both circuits you will see the same external charge flows, right?
What equations can you write for the two circuits?

4. Jan 18, 2017

### Staff: Mentor

Judging by the diagrams it occurs to me that this problem may originate in a course section studying 2-port networks. If that is the case there may be some benefit to investigating the so-called ABCD parameters.

I won't offer any further hints until @Drako Amorim returns to the thread to confirm.

5. Jan 18, 2017

### Drako Amorim

This problem came from the twelfth edition Sears & Zemansky Electromagnetism, is one of the challenging problems. I think that I solved it and I will transcribe it, but I think that problem is unfair, because there's no 2-port network in the main text

6. Jan 18, 2017

### Staff: Mentor

Well there are several possible approaches to solving the problem as given. The 2-port network approach occurred to me as possibly being intended and likely comparatively efficient.

7. Jan 18, 2017

### Drako Amorim

Redraw the Delta circuit for a Pi

And I conclude that:

Vac = (q1 - q3)/Cy
Vbc = (q2 + q3)/Cx

Vab = q3/Cz = Vac + Vcb = Vac - Vbc

q3/Cz = (q1 - q3)/Cy - (q2 + q3)/Cx

q3 (Cy Cz + Cx Cz + Cx Cy)/(Cx Cy Cz) = q1/Cy - q2/Cx

∴q3 = Cx Cy Cz / (CyCz + CxCz + Cx Cy) [q1/Cy - q2/Cx] ≡ K (q1/Cy - q2/Cx)

∴ ( I ): Vac = q1/Cy - K q1/Cy2 + K q2/(Cx Cy)
( II ): Vbc = q2/Cx + K q1/(CyCx) - K q2/(Cx2)

In the second circuit:

( III ): Vac = V1 + V3 = q1(1/C1 + 1/C3) + q2/C3

( IV ): Vbc = V2 + V3 = q1 (1/C3) + q2 (1/C2 + 1/C3)

Equalizing the coefficients:

( III ) = ( I ):

• 1/C3 = K/(Cx Cy) → C3 = (Cx Cy + Cy Cz + Cz Cx)/Cz
• 1/C1 + 1/C3 = 1/Cy - K/Cy2 → C1 = (Cx Cy + Cy Cz + Cz Cx)/Cx
( VI ) = ( II ):

• 1/C2 + 1/C3 = 1/Cx - K/Cx2 → C2 = (Cx Cy + Cy Cz + Cz Cx)/Cy
As we wanted to prove.

8. Jan 18, 2017

Looks good.