(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1.11. If position of an object is given by: x(t) = A sin(ωt) where A is a constant and ω is

the angular frequency.

a) What is the instantaneous velocity at time t?

b) What is the instantaneous acceleration at time t?

c) Express the instantaneous velocity and the instantaneous acceleration in terms of

x, ω and A.

2. dx(t)/dt= v(t)

dv(t)/dt=a(t)

3. a) For (a) I just took the derivative of the x function and got wAcos(wt)

b) Same thing here but took the derivative for the answer i got in A and got

-w^2Asin(wt)

c) This is where i had some trouble. I got the instantaneous acceleration part of the

problem by substituting x for Asin(wt) and thus got a(t)=-w^2x. But i had no

clue how to get v(t) in terms of x,w,A.

What i did was set sin^2(wt) + cos^2(wt)=1 and solved for cos^2(wt). then plugged that into v^2(t)=w^2A^2cos^2(wt). I got v^2=w^2(A^2-x^2). After taking the square root i got v = +/-(w * sqrt(A^2-x^2). Is this right? should there be the +/- or is one ruled out?

Thanks for the help in advance!\sqrt{}

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# Velocity, Acceleration and Distance

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