• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Vertical spring - elevator question

  • Thread starter Volcano
  • Start date
139
0
A mass is attached to a spring supported from the ceiling of an elevator. We pull down on the mass and let it to vibrate. If the elevator starts to accelerate(fixed accelerate) upward,

1) How the maximum velocity changes?
2) How the amplitude changes?
3) How the total energy changes?

I think the amplitude and maximum velocity does not change. Because the acceleration doesn't change the net force but only slide down the equilibrium point. Am i right?
 

Answers and Replies

Hootenanny
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
9,598
6
A mass is attached to a spring supported from the ceiling of an elevator. We pull down on the mass and let it to vibrate. If the elevator starts to accelerate(fixed accelerate) upward,

1) How the maximum velocity changes?
2) How the amplitude changes?
3) How the total energy changes?

I think the amplitude and maximum velocity does not change. Because the acceleration doesn't change the net force but only slide down the equilibrium point. Am i right?
I would agree with your choice with respect to the amplitude. However, in terms of the maximum velocity, it depends on your frame of reference, what are you measuring the velocity relative to.

P.S. We have https://www.physicsforums.com/forumdisplay.php?f=152" for all your textbook questions.
 
Last edited by a moderator:
175
0
___
|M|
===
\_\
/_/
\_\
_|_|
|....| /\
|....| .|
|....| .| moving upward
|__.|
 
Hootenanny
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
9,598
6
___
|M|
===
\_\
/_/
\_\
_|_|
|....| /\
|....| .|
|....| .| moving upward
|__.|
Your diagram is wrong, the mass is hanging down from the ceiling, inside the elevator, but thanks for your contribution anyway...
 
Hootenanny
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
9,598
6
Your diagram is wrong, the mass is hanging down from the ceiling, inside the elevator, but thanks for your contribution anyway...
Edit: It wouldn't actually make any difference to the answer, but it's best not to confuse the matter :smile:
 
175
0
Your diagram is wrong, the mass is hanging down from the ceiling, inside the elevator, but thanks for your contribution anyway...
oops D=

__________________
[tex]
| \amalg| \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \mp \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot | \amalg |
[/tex]
[tex]
| \amalg| \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \bigcap \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot | \amalg |
[/tex]
[tex]
| \amalg| \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot |M| \cdot \cdot \cdot | \amalg |
[/tex]
[tex]
| \amalg| \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \bigsqcup \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot | \amalg |
[/tex]
[tex]
| \amalg| \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot | \amalg | \Uparrow Moving Up
[/tex]
[tex]
| \amalg| \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot | \amalg |
[/tex]
[tex]
| \amalg| \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot | \amalg |
[/tex]
[tex]
| \amalg| \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot | \amalg |
[/tex]
[tex]
| \amalg| \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot | \amalg |
[/tex]
__________________
 
Last edited:
139
0
what are you measuring the velocity relative to
it is releative to elevator. But honestly i can not explain with equations. My choice is completely instinctive. By te way, it would be nice to see the pictures with post. Latex is hard for figures.
 
Hootenanny
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
9,598
6
it is releative to elevator. But honestly i can not explain with equations. My choice is completely instinctive. By te way, it would be nice to see the pictures with post. Latex is hard for figures.
Then you are correct, if your measuring the velocity of the mass with respect to the elevator. Obviously, if the velocity is measured relative to some other 'fixed' point outside the elevator then this will not be the case.
 
139
0
I want to understand the effects of adding force and adding mass while it is vibrate. As you are approved, additional force on motion is not change the amplitude and maximum velocity. Now I wonder, how the mass change the amplitude and max velocity?

Now there is not an elevator. The same spring and mass attached to the ceiling of a door instead of an elevator and vibrating. While the mass in bottom position, an additional mass attached to other one suddenly. What happens now? I think, as previous problem, the equilibrium point slides down. The amplitude will not change because net force was not change. But maximum velocity will reduce because period will increase and distance was not change. Am I right now?
 
Hootenanny
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
9,598
6
Now there is not an elevator. The same spring and mass attached to the ceiling of a door instead of an elevator and vibrating. While the mass in bottom position, an additional mass attached to other one suddenly. What happens now? I think, as previous problem, the equilibrium point slides down. The amplitude will not change because net force was not change.
I agree.
But maximum velocity will reduce because period will increase and distance was not change. Am I right now?
I'm not sure about your reasoning, but I agree with your conclusion.
 
139
0
I mean period proportional with mass. If mass increase period will too. Now, if amplitude the same as before then the distance for quarter period is the same too. So I think, distance the same, if time increased then average velocity must reduce.

As I understood you agree with about maximum velocity reduce. But I can not calculate these. Any suggestion?
 

Related Threads for: Vertical spring - elevator question

  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
8K
  • Last Post
Replies
19
Views
10K
  • Last Post
Replies
9
Views
5K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
976
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
3K
  • Last Post
2
Replies
25
Views
2K
Replies
3
Views
1K
Top