1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known dataWhat is the magnitude and direction of the current in the following circuit? [URL=http://imageshack.us][PLAIN]http://img234.imageshack.us/img234/7587/circuituk2.gif[/URL][/PLAIN] resistance for series: Req=R1+R2+R3+R4....etc Kirchhoff's rules --> Loop Rule: sum of potential drops must equal sum of potential rises V=IR 3. The attempt at a solution 1st added all the voltage drops: I(5+27+12+8) = I52 2nd added all the Voltage rises: 30 + 10 = 40V 3rd solved for V when V=IR 40 volts/52 ohms= I *since resistors are in series they experience the same current right? my answer .77 Amps clockwise [which is wrong] the right answer is .38 Amps clockwise My question is this: Why am i not supposed to add the voltages (30+10) together when solving this problem?? If i solve for this problem in the following way, 30V-10V = I(52ohms) then i get .38 Amps clockwise (which is right) but i don't understand why i have to subtract the voltages!