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## Homework Statement

What is a laplacian of a laplacian?

## Homework Equations

[tex]

laplacian = \Delta = \nabla^2 = \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial z^2}

[/tex]

## The Attempt at a Solution

Is the follow true?

[tex]

\nabla^2\nabla^2=\nabla^4

[/tex]

Also is this true?

[tex]

\nabla^2\nabla^2=\frac{\partial^4}{\partial x^4}+\frac{\partial^4}{\partial y^4}+\frac{\partial^4}{\partial z^4}

[/tex]

Or does it include additional terms?

[tex]

\nabla^2\nabla^2=\frac{\partial^4}{\partial x^4}+\frac{\partial^4}{\partial y^4}+\frac{\partial^4}{\partial z^4}

+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial z^2}

+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial z^2}

+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial z^2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial z^2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}

[/tex]

Thanks.

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