What is out of the page and into the page mean in magentic field?

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    I am really confused, and why magnetic field is created in a current,
    electron or the wire create the field?

    ty, any help would be appreciated
    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution
  2. jcsd
  3. You can visualize your standard 3 dimensions with one dimension as left-right, one as up-down, and the other as forward-backward. Displaying 3 dimensions on a page is time-consuming, so they use "into the page" for forward and "out of the page" for backward.

    I can't really say why something happens, but an electric field that changes over time can induce a magnetic field. In a current, you have a net movement of charges, so the electric field of a charge at some point is changing due to that charge moving farther away.
  4. but where is the page in magnetic field? between two magnet?
  5. also can you teachme how to do this question,
    an electron is traveling north through a magnetic field that is vertically upward. in what direction will the magnetic force be?
    for this question , if i use left hand rule, how is it possible to move the thumb and and finger both north(upward?)
  6. berkeman

    Staff: Mentor

    We use the right hand rule by convention, not left.

    The correct equation to use is the Lorentz force equation. Can you show us that equation? Are you familiar with how the vector cross product in that equation works?
  7. but my teacher said we use left hand rule, in Calgary
    i am not sure, in the textbook, it said use left hand for electron, and right hand for positive

    this one ?
  8. berkeman

    Staff: Mentor

    In my opinion, that is a bad way to teach the Lorentz Force equation. When there is no electric field (just magnetic field as in your problem statement), the Lorentz Force on a moving charge is given by:

    F = qv X B

    Where F is the resultant vector force, q is the charge, v is the vector velocity, and B is the vector magnetic field.

    q has a + sign if it is positive charge, and a - sign if it has negative charge. That changes the direction of the first vector in the cross product, which is why you use the RHR always, and get the correct answer for both negative and positive charges.

    Have you learned the vector cross product yet?
  9. no , i guess, i am new to magnetic and we just finish electric field
    Do i need this F = qv X B to answer the question?
    Last edited: Oct 9, 2009
  10. berkeman

    Staff: Mentor

    Using the right hand rule, a crossed into b gives c


    Which is what you are doing with the Lorentz force equation. qv crossed into B gives you the force F. If the sign on the charge is negative, that turns the direction of the qv vector around, so you still use the RHR but with the qv vector pointing the opposite way.
  11. Hurkyl

    Hurkyl 15,987
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    The page is the surface upon which the picture you're viewing is drawn.
  12. can you tell me the answer and i will figure it out, because i don't know much about that equation yet...
    ty !
  13. berkeman

    Staff: Mentor

    The answer to which question? We don't tell you answers to your homework problems, but we can try to answer specific questions about things that you are confused about.

    Like, look at the 3rd figure down in this wiki article:


    It shows you how the magnetic B field circulates around a current-carrying wire. Does that help?
  14. I am in Calgary, all of the teachers I had have used the right hand.
  15. I just asked someone, everything is clear for me now.
    thx for all
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