# What Is the Acceleration Needed to Stop an Arrow?

• B18
In summary, to find the magnitude of the acceleration required to stop the arrow, the problem can be simplified by considering the interval from when the arrow hits the ground to when it stops 8 inches later. This is because the acceleration changes once it embeds itself in the ground. Additionally, it can be assumed that the final velocity is equal to the initial velocity when the arrow is thrown straight up in the air.
B18

## Homework Statement

An arrow is shot straight up in the air with an initial speed of 220 ft/s. If on striking the ground it embeds itself 8.00 in into the ground, find the magnitude of the acceleration (assumed constant) required to stop the arrow, in units of feet/second^2.

## Homework Equations

4 basic kinematic equations.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Does anyone see where I went wrong in my work?

#### Attachments

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The problem is just that you're using constant acceleration over the entire distance from the top of its path down to when it's embedded in the ground, which you can't do since the acceleration changes once it's in the ground. There's some funky stuff in your equations for plugging in the initial and final velocities because of this. Try instead using the interval from when the arrow hits the ground to when it stops 8 in. later.

Becomes a really easy problem when you know Vf=-Vi for velocities.

or in other words.. if you throw something up in the air with velocity V it will hit the ground at the same velocity V. So you can forget that part of the problem and pretend the arrow was just fired at the ground.

I can provide a response to this content. It seems like you are trying to use the kinematic equations to solve for the acceleration of the arrow, but it is important to note that these equations are only valid for objects moving with constant acceleration. In this case, the acceleration of the arrow is not constant as it is being affected by gravity. Therefore, the kinematic equations cannot be used to accurately determine the acceleration of the arrow.

To accurately determine the acceleration, we would need to use equations from Newton's laws of motion and consider the forces acting on the arrow, such as the force of gravity and the force of air resistance. Additionally, the information provided in the problem is not sufficient to determine the acceleration as we would also need the mass of the arrow.

In summary, using the kinematic equations to solve for the acceleration in this scenario is not appropriate and we would need more information and a different approach to accurately determine the acceleration of the arrow.

## 1. What is acceleration?

Acceleration is the rate at which the velocity of an object changes over time. It can be thought of as the object's change in speed or direction.

## 2. How is acceleration calculated?

Acceleration is calculated by dividing the change in velocity by the change in time. The formula for acceleration is a = (vf - vi) / t, where vf is the final velocity, vi is the initial velocity, and t is the time interval.

## 3. What is the unit of measurement for acceleration?

The unit of measurement for acceleration is meters per second squared (m/s^2). This means that for every second an object is accelerating, its velocity increases by a rate of m/s.

## 4. How does acceleration affect an object's motion?

Acceleration can either speed up or slow down an object's motion. If the acceleration is in the same direction as the velocity, the object's speed will increase. If the acceleration is in the opposite direction, the object's speed will decrease.

## 5. How can acceleration be used to stop an object?

To stop an object, the acceleration must be in the opposite direction of the object's initial velocity. This will cause the object to decelerate and eventually come to a stop. The amount of acceleration needed to stop an object depends on its initial velocity and the distance it needs to travel to come to a complete stop.

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