# What is this question referring to?

1. Feb 20, 2013

### Needhelp2013

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
What is this question en example of:
Given u=lnsin(xy) show that

2. Relevant equations
du=cot(xy)(ydx + xdy)

3. The attempt at a solution
I think it is total differentiation.

2. Feb 20, 2013

### Simon Bridge

I'd call it implicit differentiation: ie.
if $u=xy$, then differentiating everything wrt x tells me $$\frac{du}{dx}=y+x\frac{dy}{dx} \Rightarrow du = ydx+xdy$$

3. Feb 20, 2013

### CompuChip

This is a convenient shortcut, but remember that $\frac{du}{dx}$ is not really a fraction, although it looks like one.

Officially the definition is
$$du = \frac{\partial u}{\partial x} \, dx + \frac{\partial u}{\partial y} \, dy$$
for u = u(x, y).
That result du = y dx + x dy in Simon's example comes out correctly by "multiplying through by dx" is not completely co-incidental, but you should realise there's no real multiplication involved as "dx" is not really a number.