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When to ask the homogeneous question

  1. May 17, 2010 #1


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    When determining a particular solution to a differential equation, one of the necessary steps is to ask the "homogeneous question" aka Does any term in yp solve the homogeneous equation for this problem. When it does, I know that it is necessary to multiple by t.

    My question is, do I multiply yp by T and then derive, or do I derive and then multiply by T?

    For example, A cos(t) solves the homogeneous equation for a problem I'm working on. Do I derive it first:
    y(p) = Acos(T)
    Y'(p) = -Asin(T)
    Y''(p) = -Acos(T)
    And then multiply each of those by T, or do I multiply by T first and then derive? It makes a big difference!
  2. jcsd
  3. May 17, 2010 #2


    Staff: Mentor

    Try to keep your variables straight. t and T usually have different meanings.
    The short answer is you multiply by t first.

    If cos(t) is a solution to the homogeneous equation, then so is sin(t), so your particular solution can't be a linear combination of cos(t) and sin(t). In this case, your particular solution will include Atcos(t) + Btsin(t), unless of course, tcos(t) and tsin(t) happen to be solutions of the homogeneous equation. If that happens, then your particular solution will include t2cos(t) and t2sin(t).
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