Who Won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry?

In summary, biochemist Jennifer A. Doudna and microbiologist Emmanuelle Charpentier have won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their groundbreaking work on the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing tool. However, fellow researcher Virginijus Siksnys, who also made significant contributions to the discovery of CRISPR, did not receive a Nobel Prize. This is likely due to his work often being overlooked. While Doudna and Charpentier received the spotlight, Siksnys' work was recognized in a 2018 article and in the advanced information PDF provided by the Nobel Prize website. It is also worth noting that another team of researchers made similar findings in Streptococcus thermophilus, but
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DrClaude
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TL;DR Summary
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 was awarded jointly to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna "for the development of a method for genome editing."
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Chemistry news on Phys.org
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No prize for Siksnys?
 
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because his part in the discovery of CRISPR often has been overlooked
crispr-researcher-wins-spotlight]From a 2018 article[/url] - about a prize awarded to him and the two (now) Nobel Prize winners.
Nature has a similar article
 
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biochemist Jennifer A. Doudna(below left) and microbiologist Emmanuelle Charpentier (below right):

Screen Shot 2020-10-07 at 11.06.53 PM.png
 
  • #5
Netflix "Human Nature" I though was a good intro (non-tech) documentary on CRISPR.
 
  • #6
atyy said:
No prize for Siksnys?

Here's what the Nobel Prize website's advanced infomation PDF has to say about Siksnys's work:
Similar findings were also published in another report using the related CRISPR-Cas system in Streptococcus thermophilus. As in Charpentier and Doudna’s work, this report also demonstrated that Cas9 cleaves within the protospacer, that cleavage specificity is directed by the crRNA sequence, and that the two nuclease domains within Cas9, each cleave one strand. However, the researchers did not notice the crucial importance of tracrRNA for sequence-specific cleavage of target DNA [29].
https://www.nobelprize.org/uploads/2020/10/advanced-chemistryprize2020.pdf
 
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Another couple of biologists win the Chemistry Prize.
 
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Related to Who Won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry?

1. What is the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry?

The 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna for their development of CRISPR-Cas9, a gene editing tool that allows for precise and efficient editing of DNA sequences.

2. Who are Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna?

Emmanuelle Charpentier is a French microbiologist and biochemist, and Jennifer A. Doudna is an American biochemist. They collaborated together to develop CRISPR-Cas9, and their work has revolutionized the field of genetic engineering.

3. What is CRISPR-Cas9 and why is it important?

CRISPR-Cas9 is a gene editing tool that allows scientists to make precise changes to DNA sequences. It is based on a natural defense mechanism found in bacteria, and has the potential to revolutionize medicine and agriculture by allowing for more accurate and efficient genetic modifications.

4. How was the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry chosen?

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is chosen by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, based on nominations and recommendations from scientists around the world. The Academy evaluates the nominations and selects a winner based on their contributions to the field of chemistry.

5. What impact will the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry have on the scientific community?

The 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has already had a significant impact on the scientific community, as it recognizes the groundbreaking work of Charpentier and Doudna and highlights the potential of CRISPR-Cas9 in various fields of research. It will continue to inspire and encourage further advancements in genetic engineering and related fields.

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