Nobel prize Definition and 24 Discussions

The Nobel Prize ( NOH-bel; Swedish: Nobelpriset [nʊˈbɛ̂lːˌpriːsɛt]; Norwegian: Nobelprisen [nʊˈbɛ̀lːˌpriːsn̩]) is five separate prizes that, according to Alfred Nobel's will of 1895, are awarded to ”those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.”
Nobel Prizes are awarded in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace (Nobel characterized the Peace Prize as "to the person who has done the most or best to advance fellowship among nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies, and the establishment and promotion of peace congresses"). In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden's central bank) established the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. Nobel Prizes are widely regarded as the most prestigious awards available in their respective fields.Alfred Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, and industrialist most famously known for the invention of dynamite. He died in 1896. In his will, he bequeathed all of his "remaining realisable assets" to be used to establish five prizes which became known as "Nobel Prizes." Nobel Prizes were first awarded in 1901.The prize ceremonies take place annually. Each recipient (known as a "laureate") receives a gold medal, a diploma, and a monetary award. In 2020, the Nobel Prize monetary award is 10,000,000 SEK, or US$1,145,000, or €968,000, or £880,000. A prize may not be shared among more than three individuals, although the Nobel Peace Prize can be awarded to organizations of more than three people. Although Nobel Prizes are not awarded posthumously, if a person is awarded a prize and dies before receiving it, the prize is presented.The Nobel Prizes, beginning in 1901, and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, beginning in 1969, have been awarded 603 times to 962 people and 25 organizations. Four individuals have received more than one Nobel Prize.

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  2. S

    More Nobel prizes in quantum information?

    Alain Aspect, John Clauser & Anton Zeilinger have rightfully received the Nobel prize for their contributions to quantum information, as they were three of the main pioneers of quantum information. However, is it now impossible or very unlikely that other physicists working on this field (e.g...
  3. R

    I New Nobel Aspect contradicts himself on action at a distance bel

    Alain Aspect got a Noble Physics prize for experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum information science. According to this article Aspect is quoted as...
  4. S

    Predictions for the 2022 Physics Nobel Prize

    Summary: Predictions for the 2022 Physics Nobel Prize As the Nobel week is coming closer, what are your predictions for this year Nobel Prize in physics?
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    Nobel laureates for and against string theory?

    According to Michio Kaku, Nobel laureates have taken both sides towards string theory since some of them accept it and some of them reject it, as he says here ( “Kaku also explains the intense controversy swirling around this theory, with...
  6. S

    Future Italian Nobel laureates in physics?

    Apart from, perhaps, Giorgio Parisi, are there any potential nobel prize winners from Italy or anyone who has worked in Italy?
  7. S

    Nobel prize in physics for quantum cryptography?

    Is it likely that this year's Nobel prize could be awarded to the field of quantum cryptography with Charles H Bennet, Gilles Brassard and Artur Ekert as possible nobel laureate candidates?
  8. S

    Nobel laureates supporting string theory?

    Are there any living Nobel laureates in physics (apart from David Gross, François Englert and perhaps Gerard 't Hooft and Steven Weinberg) who have made research in string theory or at least find it attractive?
  9. S

    Future Nobel laureates in physics?

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    Nobel laureates who may consider the multiverse hypothesis?

    Apart from Frank Wilczek, Kip Thorne, and perhaps Gerard 't Hooft, are there any more (living) Nobel laureates in physics who are open to the possibility that multiple universes exist?
  11. Ygggdrasil

    RIP Mario Molina, Nobel Laureate for work on ozone layer Molina shared the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Paul Crutzen and F Sherwood Rowland "for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation...
  12. DrClaude

    2020 Nobel prize in chemistry
  13. Wrichik Basu

    Nobel Prize 2020 in Physiology or Medicine

    The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine this year has been awarded jointly to Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice “for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus.”
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    Abour Riccardo Giacconi's opinion about the multiverse?

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  15. Ygggdrasil

    2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

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  16. Mastermind01

    News David Thouless has passed away. Didn't see this posted anywhere. Thouless, who shared the Nobel Prize in 2016 and was known for his poioneering work in topological states of matter passed away on 6th April at the age of 84.
  17. Ygggdrasil

    2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

    This morning, the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm.
  18. ISamson

    2017 Nobel Prize in Physics - Opinions and Expectations

    Hello, The Nobel Prize in Physics is upcoming soon and I wanted to hear your opinions and expectations about some important discoveries or inventions which might end up receiving this most major prize in science. I look forward to hearing your thoughts! Thanks.
  19. ISamson

    2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry - Expectations and Opinions

    Hello, I have heard that the 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry is going to be announced in the next few months. Do you know about any interesting and/or useful discoveries that chemistry achieved worth the Nobel Prize in your opinion? Thanks.
  20. Peter25samaha

    Predictions for the Nobel Prize in physics for next few years 2016-2017-2018?

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  21. pioneerboy

    Nobel prize for Brown and Batygin?

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  22. Ygggdrasil

    2015 Nobel Prize Predictions

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  23. diogenesNY

    R.I.P. Dr. Val Fitch, 91. Nobel lauriate cosmologist

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  24. jtbell

    The 2014 Nobel Prize in physics

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