What is Nobel prize: Definition and 127 Discussions

The Nobel Prize ( NOH-bel; Swedish: Nobelpriset [nʊˈbɛ̂lːˌpriːsɛt]; Norwegian: Nobelprisen [nʊˈbɛ̀lːˌpriːsn̩]) is five separate prizes that, according to Alfred Nobel's will of 1895, are awarded to ”those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.”
Nobel Prizes are awarded in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace (Nobel characterized the Peace Prize as "to the person who has done the most or best to advance fellowship among nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies, and the establishment and promotion of peace congresses"). In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden's central bank) established the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. Nobel Prizes are widely regarded as the most prestigious awards available in their respective fields.Alfred Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, and industrialist most famously known for the invention of dynamite. He died in 1896. In his will, he bequeathed all of his "remaining realisable assets" to be used to establish five prizes which became known as "Nobel Prizes." Nobel Prizes were first awarded in 1901.The prize ceremonies take place annually. Each recipient (known as a "laureate") receives a gold medal, a diploma, and a monetary award. In 2020, the Nobel Prize monetary award is 10,000,000 SEK, or US$1,145,000, or €968,000, or £880,000. A prize may not be shared among more than three individuals, although the Nobel Peace Prize can be awarded to organizations of more than three people. Although Nobel Prizes are not awarded posthumously, if a person is awarded a prize and dies before receiving it, the prize is presented.The Nobel Prizes, beginning in 1901, and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, beginning in 1969, have been awarded 603 times to 962 people and 25 organizations. Four individuals have received more than one Nobel Prize.

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  1. mfb

    Peter Higgs - 1929 - 2024

    Peter Higgs died on Monday. One of the most well-known physicists because the Higgs boson was named after him - the only fundamental particle named after a person. He proposed the existence of the particle in the 1960s together with other theorists, then watched 50 years of searches for it and...
  2. P

    History Who should have been the 4th laureate in the Nobel Prize in Physics?

    This post to is to find those who deserved a Nobel Prize in Physics but did not receive it with the rest because they were either dead, unable to receive the prize due to the three-man rule, or dismissed for another reason. If you want to add more please try to specify the year, topic and...
  3. S

    RIP physicist Arno Penzias, 1978 Nobel Laureate in physics

    Arno Penzias, who along with physicist Robert Woodrow Wilson discovered the cosmic microwave background radiation and was awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize in physics, has died on Jan 22, 2024, age 90. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arno_Allan_Penzias#cite_note-:0-3...
  4. DrClaude

    Nobel Prize 2023: Attosecond pulses

  5. pinball1970

    COVID Nobel Prize in medicine: Katalin Karikó and Drew Weissman

    Article here https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-10-katalin-karik-drew-weissman-nobel.html "The laureates contributed to the unprecedented rate of vaccine development during one of the greatest threats to human health in modern times,"
  6. berkeman

    Interesting article about the Nobel Prize "Rule of Three"

    This is an interesting piece discussing how modern scientific work is making it harder to choose only a maximum of three people per prize... https://www.cnn.com/2023/09/29/world/nobel-prize-rule-of-three-diversity-scn/index.html
  7. V

    B Videos from Big Event 2015 (Växjö): Loophole free Bell test

    vhttps://play.lnu.se/media/t/0_hgz7034c A.Zeilinger: The Future of Bell Experiments. https://play.lnu.se/media/t/0_6jkhpefo G. Weihs: Violation of Bell’s Inequality under Strict Einstein Locality Conditions https://play.lnu.se/media/t/0_q2r30syq R. Hanson: From the first loophole-free Bell...
  8. S

    More Nobel prizes in quantum information?

    Alain Aspect, John Clauser & Anton Zeilinger have rightfully received the Nobel prize for their contributions to quantum information, as they were three of the main pioneers of quantum information. However, is it now impossible or very unlikely that other physicists working on this field (e.g...
  9. R

    I New Nobel Aspect contradicts himself on action at a distance bel

    Alain Aspect got a Noble Physics prize for experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum information science. According to this article https://phys.org/news/2022-10-quantum-entanglement-spooky-science-physics.html Aspect is quoted as...
  10. atyy

    Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2022 (2nd Nobel for Barry Sharpless)

    https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2022/press-release/ The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2022 to Carolyn R. Bertozzi Stanford University, CA, USA Morten Meldal University of Copenhagen, Denmark K. Barry Sharpless Scripps...
  11. malawi_glenn

    Superdeterminism and the Mermin Device: A New Perspective on Bell's Inequality

    https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2022/popular-information/ Using groundbreaking experiments, Alain Aspect, John Clauser and Anton Zeilinger have demonstrated the potential to investigate and control particles that are in entangled states. What happens to one particle in an entangled...
  12. BillTre

    Svante Pääbo wins Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for Paleogenomics

    Svante Pääbo won this year's Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his foundational work in paleogenimcs. Among other things, he was involved in determining the genomic sequence of Neaderthals, showing they interbred with modern humans before they disappeared, discovering Denisovans (similar...
  13. robphy

    Nobel Prize in Physics (nominees 1901-1970)

    Interesting... "Physics Nobel nominees, 1901–70" https://physicstoday.scitation.org/do/10.1063/PT.6.4.20220929a/full/ is an update extended to 1970 of "Physics Nobel nominees, 1901–66" (2017) https://physicstoday.scitation.org/do/10.1063/PT.6.4.20170925a/full/ related...
  14. S

    Predictions for the 2022 Physics Nobel Prize

    Summary: Predictions for the 2022 Physics Nobel Prize As the Nobel week is coming closer, what are your predictions for this year Nobel Prize in physics?
  15. anorlunda

    Who Are the 2022 Ig Nobel Prize Winners and What Are Their Research Topics?

    Medicine Prize ... discovered that people taking the cancer drug melphalan reported that a common side effect of the treatment—irritation in the mouth known as oral mucositis—could be prevented if the patients slowly ate ice cream or popsicles during their melphalan infusions. Applied Cardiology...
  16. TeethWhitener

    Revolutionizing Chemistry: The 2021 Nobel Prize in Asymmetric Organocatalysis

    The 2021 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to Benjamin List and David MacMillan, for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis. More info here: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2021/press-release/ Well-deserved.
  17. Blackberg

    And the 2021 Nobel prize for Physics goes to....

    Climate models! https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2021/press-release/
  18. Astronuc

    2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

    Two American scientists have won the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of how the body senses temperature and touch. https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/two-americans-win-nobel-medicine-prize-for-body-sensory-findings/6256678.html...
  19. K

    Ideas from previous Nobel prize winners

    Hello! I just read this paper and it seems like that idea has been proposed about 30 years ago by a Nobel prize winner. I was wondering if there are other experimental concepts proposed in the past that scientists couldn't implement back then but nowadays we could (or in the near future). How...
  20. S

    Nobel laureates for and against string theory?

    According to Michio Kaku, Nobel laureates have taken both sides towards string theory since some of them accept it and some of them reject it, as he says here (https://www.snowboundbooks.com/book/9780385542746): “Kaku also explains the intense controversy swirling around this theory, with...
  21. S

    Future Italian Nobel laureates in physics?

    Apart from, perhaps, Giorgio Parisi, are there any potential nobel prize winners from Italy or anyone who has worked in Italy?
  22. S

    Nobel prize in physics for quantum cryptography?

    Is it likely that this year's Nobel prize could be awarded to the field of quantum cryptography with Charles H Bennet, Gilles Brassard and Artur Ekert as possible nobel laureate candidates?
  23. S

    Nobel laureates supporting string theory?

    Are there any living Nobel laureates in physics (apart from David Gross, François Englert and perhaps Gerard 't Hooft and Steven Weinberg) who have made research in string theory or at least find it attractive?
  24. S

    Future Nobel laureates in physics?

    Which physicists are most likely to win the Nobel Prize in physics in 2021 and in the coming years?
  25. S

    Nobel laureates who may consider the multiverse hypothesis?

    Apart from Frank Wilczek, Kip Thorne, and perhaps Gerard 't Hooft, are there any more (living) Nobel laureates in physics who are open to the possibility that multiple universes exist?
  26. Ygggdrasil

    RIP Mario Molina, Nobel Laureate for work on ozone layer

    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mexico-molina/mexican-nobel-laureate-molina-ozone-layer-prophet-dies-at-77-idUSKBN26T03Q Molina shared the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Paul Crutzen and F Sherwood Rowland "for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation...
  27. DrClaude

    Who Won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry?

  28. jtbell

    The 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics goes to....

    Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez, for their work on black holes. https://www.cnn.com/2020/10/06/world/nobel-prize-2020-winner-physics-scn-intl/index.html (added) Aha, I didn't think to look in the Relativity forum. I remembered seeing previous Nobel Prize discussions here, as...
  29. M

    B Who Won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics and What Did They Discover?

    Didn't see a thread on this. https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2020/summary/
  30. Wrichik Basu

    Nobel Prize 2020 in Physiology or Medicine

    The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine this year has been awarded jointly to Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice “for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus.” https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/2020/summary/
  31. S

    Abour Riccardo Giacconi's opinion about the multiverse?

    Riccardo Giacconi (1931-2018) was an italian astrophysicist who was awarded with the Nobel prize in physics back in 2002 for his important contributions to astrophysics. Since he was an astrophysicist he must have heard about the multiverse hypothesis, but I have not found a single paper or...
  32. Mary Conrads Sanburn

    Nobel Prize in Literature 1936 was awarded to Eugene G. O'Neil

    The Nobel Prize in Literature 1936 was awarded to Eugene Gladstone O'Neill "for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy." Eugene O'Neill received his Nobel Prize one year later, in 1937. During the selection process in 1936...
  33. DrClaude

    What groundbreaking work led to the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry?

  34. bland

    B Nobel Prize for first exoplanet discovery

    Summary: Why is the Nobel committee acting as though the discovery was of the same order as the discovery that Andromeda was another galaxy. Now this has been bugging me since ever. but the Nobel committee brought it up again "This discovery (1995 exoplanet) has opened up a Universe far...
  35. DrClaude

    News Exploring the Universe: The 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics

    Mixed prize this year, so I don't know whether this thread belongs to cosmology or astrophysics, so I'll post in GD instead :-p One half to James Peebles "for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology", the other half jointly to Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz "for the discovery of an...
  36. Ygggdrasil

    2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

    Today, the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to three scientists who study how cells sense and respond to changes in oxygen levels: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/ These three scientists were previously awarded the Lasker Prize for Basic Medical Research in...
  37. Mastermind01

    News How Did Nobel Laureate David Thouless Impact Physics?

    https://www.trinhall.cam.ac.uk/news/professor-david-thouless-1934-2019/ Didn't see this posted anywhere. Thouless, who shared the Nobel Prize in 2016 and was known for his poioneering work in topological states of matter passed away on 6th April at the age of 84.
  38. PSRB191921

    2018 French Nobel Prize clip (what do you think)

    the clip of the 2018 french Nobel Prize in physics is controversial in France: what do you think ?
  39. Orodruin

    News Who Will Win the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics?

    The Nobel Prize winners of 2018 will be announced during the first week of October, starting with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on Monday October 1. As most of us are biased towards physics: The physics prize will be announced Tuesday October 2 @ 11.45 (Stockholm time - CEST) at the...
  40. K

    No Ig® Nobel Prize in physics for 2018

    No Ig® Nobel Prize in physics for 2018 ?:) There has been a Physics Prize every year except 1991 and 1994.
  41. jtbell

    I "met" a physics Nobel Prize winner yesterday

    My wife and I were in downtown Greenville, SC. Pop quiz: who is he? :oldsmile:
  42. gleem

    Gravitational Waves: The 2017 Nobel Prize Surprise?

    Big surprise? awarded to Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish and Kip Thorne for their detection of gravitational waves. https://phys.org/news/2017-10-nobel-physics-prize-awarded-scientists.html
  43. ISamson

    What breakthrough technology might be awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry?

    The 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry is being announced tomorrow! I really can't wait to see what it will be awarded for, because it is always interesting and sometimes unexpected. I think it might be awarded for works on nanotechnology, because it is currently a hot field. It might be displayed...
  44. Ygggdrasil

    2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

    This morning, the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2017/press.html
  45. ISamson

    2017 Nobel Prize in Physics - Opinions and Expectations

    Hello, The Nobel Prize in Physics is upcoming soon and I wanted to hear your opinions and expectations about some important discoveries or inventions which might end up receiving this most major prize in science. I look forward to hearing your thoughts! Thanks.
  46. ISamson

    2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry - Expectations and Opinions

    Hello, I have heard that the 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry is going to be announced in the next few months. Do you know about any interesting and/or useful discoveries that chemistry achieved worth the Nobel Prize in your opinion? Thanks.
  47. S

    The reason why thise research got the Nobel prize in chemistry 07

    "for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces" i thought nobel prize was rewarded for the research which have some meaning to the chemistry. In this study i found it hard to find some meaning. what i found one was that some other techniques were developed because of doing this...
  48. S

    Why Was the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry Awarded for GPCR Research?

    The topic in the prize is about GPCR and from what i have researched, the research is about biology. I want to know why it was rewarded to the field in chemistry.
  49. BillTre

    B Physics Nobel Prize Info-Graphic

    Too bad I could not figure out how to get the figure here directly. http://datarep.tumblr.com/image/99141208620