nobel prize Definition and Topics - 19 Discussions

The Nobel Prize ( NOH-bel; Swedish: Nobelpriset [nʊˈbɛ̂lːˌpriːsɛt]; Norwegian: Nobelprisen [nʊˈbɛ̀lːˌpriːsn̩]) is five separate prizes that, according to Alfred Nobel's will of 1895, are awarded to ”those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.”
Nobel Prizes are awarded in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace (Nobel characterized the Peace Prize as "to the person who has done the most or best to advance fellowship among nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies, and the establishment and promotion of peace congresses"). In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden's central bank) established the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. Nobel Prizes are widely regarded as the most prestigious awards available in their respective fields.Alfred Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, and industrialist most famously known for the invention of dynamite. He died in 1896. In his will, he bequeathed all of his "remaining realisable assets" to be used to establish five prizes which became known as "Nobel Prizes." Nobel Prizes were first awarded in 1901.The prize ceremonies take place annually. Each recipient (known as a "laureate") receives a gold medal, a diploma, and a monetary award. In 2020, the Nobel Prize monetary award is 10,000,000 SEK, or US$1,145,000, or €968,000, or £880,000. A prize may not be shared among more than three individuals, although the Nobel Peace Prize can be awarded to organizations of more than three people. Although Nobel Prizes are not awarded posthumously, if a person is awarded a prize and dies before receiving it, the prize is presented.The Nobel Prizes, beginning in 1901, and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, beginning in 1969, have been awarded 603 times to 962 people and 25 organizations. Four individuals have received more than one Nobel Prize.

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  1. S

    Future Italian nobel laureates in physics?

    Apart from, perhaps, Giorgio Parisi, are there any potential nobel prize winners from Italy or anyone who has worked in Italy?
  2. S

    Nobel prize in physics for quantum cryptography?

    Is it likely that this year's Nobel prize could be awarded to the field of quantum cryptography with Charles H Bennet, Gilles Brassard and Artur Ekert as possible nobel laureate candidates?
  3. S

    Nobel laureates supporting string theory?

    Are there any living Nobel laureates in physics (apart from David Gross, François Englert and perhaps Gerard 't Hooft and Steven Weinberg) who have made research in string theory or at least find it attractive?
  4. S

    Future Nobel laureates in physics?

    Which physicists are most likely to win the Nobel Prize in physics in 2021 and in the coming years?
  5. S

    Nobel laureates who may consider the multiverse hypothesis?

    Apart from Frank Wilczek, Kip Thorne, and perhaps Gerard 't Hooft, are there any more (living) Nobel laureates in physics who are open to the possibility that multiple universes exist?
  6. Ygggdrasil

    RIP Mario Molina, Nobel Laureate for work on ozone layer Molina shared the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Paul Crutzen and F Sherwood Rowland "for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation...
  7. DrClaude

    2020 Nobel prize in chemistry
  8. Wrichik Basu

    Nobel Prize 2020 in Physiology or Medicine

    The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine this year has been awarded jointly to Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice “for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus.”
  9. S

    Abour Riccardo Giacconi's opinion about the multiverse?

    Riccardo Giacconi (1931-2018) was an italian astrophysicist who was awarded with the Nobel prize in physics back in 2002 for his important contributions to astrophysics. Since he was an astrophysicist he must have heard about the multiverse hypothesis, but I have not found a single paper or...
  10. Ygggdrasil

    2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

    Today, the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to three scientists who study how cells sense and respond to changes in oxygen levels: These three scientists were previously awarded the Lasker Prize for Basic Medical Research in...
  11. Mastermind01

    News David Thouless has passed away. Didn't see this posted anywhere. Thouless, who shared the Nobel Prize in 2016 and was known for his poioneering work in topological states of matter passed away on 6th April at the age of 84.
  12. Ygggdrasil

    2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

    This morning, the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm.
  13. ISamson

    2017 Nobel Prize in Physics - Opinions and Expectations

    Hello, The Nobel Prize in Physics is upcoming soon and I wanted to hear your opinions and expectations about some important discoveries or inventions which might end up receiving this most major prize in science. I look forward to hearing your thoughts! Thanks.
  14. ISamson

    2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry - Expectations and Opinions

    Hello, I have heard that the 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry is going to be announced in the next few months. Do you know about any interesting and/or useful discoveries that chemistry achieved worth the Nobel Prize in your opinion? Thanks.
  15. Peter25samaha

    Predictions for the Nobel Prize in physics for next few years 2016-2017-2018?

    what do you think the nobel prize need in physics for next years 2016-2017-2018
  16. pioneerboy

    Nobel prize for Brown and Batygin?

    If hypothesised planet nine is really discovered in the outskirts of our Solar system, will M. E. Brown and K. Batygin have a chance to win the Nobel prize in physics or is this too much of an old hat for the Nobel-commitee?
  17. Ygggdrasil

    2015 Nobel Prize Predictions

    Next week (Oct 5-12), the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences will announce the annual winners of science's most prestigious award, the Nobel Prize. In this thread, let's throw out some guesses as to who might win. Here are Thomson-Reuter's annual predictions. My predictions: Physiology and...
  18. diogenesNY

    R.I.P. Dr. Val Fitch, 91. Nobel lauriate cosmologist

    "Val Fitch, who shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physics for work that revealed a surprising ambivalence in the laws of nature and helped explain why the collision of matter and antimatter has not destroyed everything in the universe, died on Thursday at his home in Princeton, NJ. He was 91...
  19. jtbell

    The 2014 Nobel Prize in physics

    ... will be announced tomorrow, October 7. Does anyone want to make a guess as to who it will be, or which field?