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Working out temperatures on an ideal brayton cycle.

  1. Aug 26, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    An ideal Brayton cycle has a pressure ratio of 15 and can be analysed using air standard cycle assumptions. The gas temperature is 300K at the compressor inlet and 1500K at the turbine inlet.

    The compressor and turbine can be considered to be isentropic.
    For an isentropic process,[tex]pv^{\gamma}[/tex] = constant.

    Work out the temperature at the end of the compressor.

    2. Relevant equations

    [tex]P_{1}[/tex] [tex]V_{1}^{\gamma}[/tex] = [tex]P_{2}[/tex][tex]V_{2}^ {\gamma}[/tex]

    [tex]P_{1}[/tex] [tex]V_{1}[/tex] = [tex]R T_{1}[/tex]

    [tex]P_{2}[/tex] [tex]V_{2}[/tex] = [tex]R T_{2}[/tex]

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I've sketched the cycle on a t-s property diagram to illustrate the problem.


    From the relevant equations, I have that:

    [tex]T_{2} = T_{1}(\frac{P_{2}}{P_{1}})^{\gamma - 1/ \gamma}[/tex]

    Which gives me, [tex]T_{2} = 300.15^{\gamma - 1/ \gamma}[/tex]

    I have [tex]T_{1}[/tex] = 300 and the pressure ratio = 15 but I see no way to complete the equation as I don't know the heat capacity ratio, [tex]{\gamma}[/tex] or a way to work it out.
     

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 30, 2010 #2
    I've now found that the heat capacity ratio is a constant and for this question is 1.4. I don't know why this wasn't mentioned anywhere in the question or my textbooks but a lot of googling came up with the answer in the end.

    By using gamma=1.4, T2 comes out as 650K. :)
     
  4. Sep 2, 2010 #3
    Yea I was reading this and thinking the exact thing...the heat capacity ratio is 1.4 for air...easy after that
     
  5. Feb 26, 2011 #4

    A87

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    hey do you guys know what the equations for efficiency, work done and losses are within the brayton cycle. I am trying to do a backwards model starting from the size of electrical generator I need and thus working towards what capacity gas turbine, pressure ratio and inlet temp I should have

    Thanks
     
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