## Point Charges/Dipole - What is the Force/electric field/dipole moment/potential energ

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Two point charges q1 = 2$\mu$C and q2 = -2$\mu$C are placed at r1 = (3,0,0) m and r2 = (0,0,4)m respectively

i) What is the force of q1 (in vector form)?

ii) What is the electric field at the origin?

iii) What is the electric dipole moment of this arrangement (in vector form)?

iv) What is the potential energy contained in this arrangement of charges?

2. Relevant equations

F =[ k q1q2 / (mod (r1-r2) )3 ] (r1 - r2)

ET = $\sum$ Ei

E = (mod qi) / 4$\pi$$\epsilon$ mod ri

p = qd

U =Qq / 4$\pi\epsilon$ mod (r2 - r1)

3. The attempt at a solution

i) F = k [ -4x10-9 / 53 (3,0,-4)
= 0.288 (3,0,-4) N

ii) E1 = 2x10-9 / 4$\pi$$\epsilon$3
= 5.99454 i

E2 = 2x10-9 / 4$\pi$$\epsilon$4
= 4.49590 k

ET = (6.0,0,4.5) N/C

iii) d = r2 - r1
= (-3,0,4)

p =2x10-9 (-3,0,4)
= (-6x10-9 , 0, 8x10-9) C.m

iv) U = -4x10-9 /4$\pi$$\epsilon$ 5 = 7.2 J

Basically, I just wanted to know if this is all right because it comes up on every single exam and I don't want to think it's right for it not to be!

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 Quote by bmarson123 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Two point charges q1 = 2$\mu$C and q2 = -2$\mu$C are placed at r1 = (3,0,0) m and r2 = (0,0,4)m respectively i) What is the force of q1 (in vector form)? ii) What is the electric field at the origin? iii) What is the electric dipole moment of this arrangement (in vector form)? iv) What is the potential energy contained in this arrangement of charges? 2. Relevant equations F =[ k q1q2 / (mod (r1-r2) )3 ] (r1 - r2) ET = $\sum$ Ei E = (mod qi) / 4$\pi$$\epsilon$ mod ri p = qd U =Qq / 4$\pi\epsilon$ mod (r2 - r1) 3. The attempt at a solution i) F = k [ -4x10-9 / 53 (3,0,-4) = 0.288 (3,0,-4) N ii) E1 = 2x10-9 / 4$\pi$$\epsilon$3 = 5.99454 i E2 = 2x10-9 / 4$\pi$$\epsilon$4 = 4.49590 k ET = (6.0,0,4.5) N/C iii) d = r2 - r1 = (-3,0,4) p =2x10-9 (-3,0,4) = (-6x10-9 , 0, 8x10-9) C.m iv) U = -4x10-9 /4$\pi$$\epsilon$ 5 = 7.2 J Basically, I just wanted to know if this is all right because it comes up on every single exam and I don't want to think it's right for it not to be!
i) i assume question wants force OF q1 ON q2
your ans seems weird
microCoulomb is 10-6 , so q1q2 = -4 x 10-12

also, your formula of (r1-r2) means r21 = force of q2 TO q1. which is not the question. the question wants force of q1 TO q2. so your formula should read r12 = r2-r1

doing so gives you r12= (-3,0,4)

now -ve q and +ve q gives you attraction = -q1q2

so when you put back into forumla, you get -r12=r21

thats how you get force of Q1 ON Q2, which is attractive, means it pulls Q2 towards Q1, given by r21

if you are still confused, read this , scroll down to vector form
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coulomb's_law

 ii) the electric field at a point is the superposition of the point charges everywhere else so question wants at origin. at origin, the E-field from +Q1 is towards the -ve x direction. at origin, the E-field from -Q2 is towards the +ve z direction. so your resultant direction is not (6,0,4.5), i think your magnitude is wrong too E = kQ1 r1 / r13 + -kQ2r2 /r23 so k = 9x109 Q1 = +2x10-6 Q2 = -2x10-6 r13 = 33=27 r1=(-3,0,0) r23 = 43=64 r2=(0,0,4) resultant direction = r1+r2=(-3,0,4) magnitude = (666, 0 , 281) E-field at origin = (-3*666, 0 , 4*281) N/C

## Point Charges/Dipole - What is the Force/electric field/dipole moment/potential energ

iii) the electric dipole's displace vector d points from -ve to +ve charge.

so d is not (-3,0,4) but rather (3,0,-4)

your q should be 2*10-6

 iv) potential energy = kQ1Q2/ (distance between charges = 5) , again your magnitude is incorrect
 Thanks so much for your help! I'm still a bit confused about i) I thought that if it wants the force on q1 then surely it should be the force of q2 on q1? Because otherwise it'll be the force q1 is excerting on q2? I did look at the link but it just confused me more, could you explain it a bit more for me?

 Quote by quietrain ii) the electric field at a point is the superposition of the point charges everywhere else so question wants at origin. at origin, the E-field from +Q1 is towards the -ve x direction. at origin, the E-field from -Q2 is towards the +ve z direction. so your resultant direction is not (6,0,4.5), i think your magnitude is wrong too E = kQ1 r1 / r13 + -kQ2r2 /r23 so k = 9x109 Q1 = +2x10-6 Q2 = -2x10-6 r13 = 33=27 r1=(-3,0,0) r23 = 43=64 r2=(0,0,4) resultant direction = r1+r2=(-3,0,4) magnitude = (666, 0 , 281) E-field at origin = (-3*666, 0 , 4*281) N/C
Also, why does r1 suddenly become negative? In the question you're told it's (3,0,0)m, so why does it become (-3,0,0) ?

 Sorry, I get i) now. I've recalculated it and I've got (863.2, 0, -1151.0) N. Is that a more reasonable answer?

 Quote by bmarson123 Sorry, I get i) now. I've recalculated it and I've got (863.2, 0, -1151.0) N. Is that a more reasonable answer?
for i)

F = kQQ/r3 * (3,0,-4)
= 9x109 * (4x10-12) / 125 * (3,0,-4)
=0.000288 * (3,0,-4) N

i don't think your answer is right since it is quite huge.

 Quote by bmarson123 Also, why does r1 suddenly become negative? In the question you're told it's (3,0,0)m, so why does it become (-3,0,0) ?
because r1 is not really the r1 given in the question per say

in the question, r1 is the coordinate, thats why its (3,0,0) , pointing from origin to that coordinate.

in ii), it wants the vector electric field at the origin.

so you know that electric field points outwards from +ve charges

so if your charge were at (3,0,0) , then where would it point at the origin? (you should draw it out to understand better) anyway,

0 <----------------- 3 (x-axis)

as per the diagram above, the E-field is pointing to the left. hence, your vector is (-3,0,0)

 Tags dipole moment, electric field, force, point charges, potential energy