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Tether rotation device in space problem 
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#1
Jan1513, 01:18 PM

P: 184

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
A spaceborne energy storage device consists of two equal masses connected by a tether and rotating about their center of mass. Additional energy is stored by reeling in the tether; no external forces are applied. Initially the device has kinetic energy E and rotates at angular velocity ω. Energy is added until the device rotates at angular velocity 2ω. What is the new kinetic energy of the device? (The answer is 2E but I don't see how) 2. Relevant equations kinetic energy = 1/2*mv^2 momentum = mv = mωr initial momentum = final momentum 3. The attempt at a solution I don't see how this "energy storage" works. If I real the tether in, the radius r of the device decreases but the angular velocity ω of the device increases because of the conservation of momentum. The kinetic energy of the device is 1/2*m(ωr)^2, but the quantity ωr does not change. So I don't see how the potential energy of the device can be converted. 


#2
Jan1513, 02:44 PM

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P: 11,621

ω and r both change when the device is reeled in. Call them ω1 and r1. The product of angular velocity and radius is what remains constant, so that ω1*r1 = ω*r.



#3
Jan1513, 08:10 PM

P: 184




#4
Jan1513, 08:43 PM

Mentor
P: 11,621

Tether rotation device in space problem
Ah. Sorry, I misspoke. Angular momentum is conserved, so it's Mωr^{2} that remains constant. Since M is the same in both cases, ωr^{2} is what you need to worry about. The square makes a difference



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