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How to calculate tension

by mIsix
Tags: tension
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mIsix
#1
Mar30-09, 10:15 PM
P: 5
hi i am in grade 11 university physics, and i have a test coming up that requires me to calculate tension. Unfortunately i have no clue how to do this. Can someone help ?
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rock.freak667
#2
Mar30-09, 10:23 PM
HW Helper
P: 6,202
well it depends on the question you are given. But I'd say (at a random guess) that you need to resolve all the forces in one direction and put that equal to ma, then try to solve from there.
mIsix
#3
Mar30-09, 10:30 PM
P: 5
ok well my question states that, two toy ducks are attached by a string. the front duck has a mass of 5 kg, and the back duck is 2.0 kg. they are bing pulled wiith a force of 10N and there is no friction.
calculate the tension of the rope after u have calculated the acceleration.

the acceleration of the ducks is 1.4m/s2
and i drew an FBD like soo


(2.0kg)DUCk2------(5.0kg)DUCK1-------->10N

i still dont kno where to go from here?

Lok
#4
Mar31-09, 08:41 AM
P: 462
How to calculate tension

Homework .. ehh

First u have to calculate the accelaration of the system:

F=m(total)*a => a=F/m(total)

m(total)=m1+m2=7 kg

the Tension is equal to the inertial force that the second weight (2kg) exerts. so:

T(ension)=F=a*m2

a-acceleration
m2-second duck 2 kg
mIsix
#5
Mar31-09, 06:33 PM
P: 5
thanks a lot, that helped me tremendously. :)

i get it now, but there is another part where it says that another duck(1 kg) is added, and it is put at the front of the row.

DUCK2(2kg)------DUCK1(5kg)------DUCK3(1kg)----->(10N)

Now it asks for the tension connecting ducks 2(2kg) and 3(1kg)and then the tension of ducks 1(5kg) and ducks 2(2kg) . would the tension still be equal to the inertial force of the last duck(2kg)? or would it now be equal to the inertial force of the middle duck(5kg)?
LowlyPion
#6
Mar31-09, 07:11 PM
HW Helper
P: 5,341
Quote Quote by mIsix View Post
thanks a lot, that helped me tremendously. :)

i get it now, but there is another part where it says that another duck(1 kg) is added, and it is put at the front of the row.

DUCK2(2kg)------DUCK1(5kg)------DUCK3(1kg)----->(10N)

Now it asks for the tension connecting ducks 2(2kg) and 3(1kg)and then the tension of ducks 1(5kg) and ducks 2(2kg) . would the tension still be equal to the inertial force of the last duck(2kg)? or would it now be equal to the inertial force of the middle duck(5kg)?
In all these questions, once you have determined the acceleration for the group, then the tension (or force in between if it is pushing it) will necessarily be the acceleration times all the mass that is being pulled (or pushed as the case may be.)


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