## Otto Cycle: net work done

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Show that the net work done by the otto engine per cycle is
Cv(Tc - Tb)(1 - Ta/Tb)

PV diagram:

2. Relevant equations
Work done by a kmole of gas expanding irreversibly and adiabatically from
P1 V1 T1 to P2 V2 T2:
= (P1V1 - P2V2)/(γ - 1) = R(T1 - T2)/(γ - 1)

3. The attempt at a solution
The only work done by the otto engine is during the adiabatic expansions/compressions. So the work done by the gas from point A to point B is
= R(Ta - Tb)/(γ - 1)

Likewise, the work done by the gas from point C to point D is
= R(Tc - Td)/(γ - 1)

So the net work done by the gas will be
= R(Ta - Tb)/(γ - 1) + R(Tc - Td)/(γ - 1)
= (R/(γ - 1))(Ta - Tb + Tc - Td)
= Cv[(Tc - Tb) + Ta - Td]

Here I get stuck. I don't see why the answer doesn't have a Td term. Have I gone wrong somewhere?

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Recognitions:
Homework Help
 Quote by mclame22 2. Relevant equations Work done by a kmole of gas expanding irreversibly and adiabatically from P1 V1 T1 to P2 V2 T2: = (P1V1 - P2V2)/(γ - 1) = R(T1 - T2)/(γ - 1)
Since it is adiabatic, $W = -\Delta U = -nC_v\Delta T$
 3. The attempt at a solution The only work done by the otto engine is during the adiabatic expansions/compressions. So the work done by the gas from point A to point B is = R(Ta - Tb)/(γ - 1)
$= -nC_v(T_b - T_a)$

 Likewise, the work done by the gas from point C to point D is = R(Tc - Td)/(γ - 1)
$= -nC_v(T_d - T_c)$
 So the net work done by the gas will be = R(Ta - Tb)/(γ - 1) + R(Tc - Td)/(γ - 1) = (R/(γ - 1))(Ta - Tb + Tc - Td) = Cv[(Tc - Tb) + Ta - Td] Here I get stuck. I don't see why the answer doesn't have a Td term. Have I gone wrong somewhere?
Your work is correct. Can you express Td in terms of the other temperatures?

AM

 I'm sorry, but I still can't see how to find Td... Your equations seem essentially the same as mine.

Recognitions:
Homework Help

## Otto Cycle: net work done

 Quote by mclame22 I'm sorry, but I still can't see how to find Td... Your equations seem essentially the same as mine.
Think of W as Qin-Qout or Qh-Qc. What are Qh and Qc in terms of Ta, Tb, Tc and Td?

AM

 Recognitions: Homework Help Science Advisor What you have to do here is express Td in terms of Ta, Tb and Tc To do that you must first determine the ratio of Ta to Tb (it depends on the ratio of V1/V2 and gamma). Then determine the ratio of Td to Tc (try to express it in a similar way). Once you do that you will be able to express Td in terms of the other temperatures. For this cycle, the work can be calculated easily using W = Qh-Qc. Since a-b and c-d are adiabatic, heat flows only from b-c and d-a. Since it is isochoric, $\Delta Q_h = nC_v\Delta T_{b-c} \text{ and } \Delta Q_c = nC_v\Delta T_{d-a}$. AM