Can somebody give me a detailed explanation of why the top compartment of a fridge is usually lower than that of the lower compartment?
I am thinking that because heat rises, so the heat flows from high energy (lower compartment) to low energy (top compartment)?
I don't really know the principles of this technique despite doing some reading:
the cell patch is destroyed, and the contents of the cytoplasm can mix with the contents of the electrode.
there is a low resistance pathway - so what?
and how can measurements be made if the membrane is...
Cheers for the responses. Yes I meant the human musculoskeletal system. Maybe also the muscle is normally acting at a disadvantage? But the advantage of that is a small change in contractile force gives a large change in movement...