manifolds

1. I Embedding homeomorphic manifolds

Please forgive any confusion, I am not well acquainted with topological analysis and differential geometry, and I'm a novice with regards to this topic. According to this theorem (I don't know the name for it), we cannot embed an n-dimensional space in an m-dimensional space, where n>m, without...
2. I Differential forms and bases

In the exercises on differential forms I often find expressions such as $$\omega = 3xz\;dx - 7y^2z\;dy + 2x^2y\;dz$$ but this is only correct if we're in "flat" space, right? In general, a differential $1$-form associates a covector with each point of $M$. If we use some coordinates...
3. I Cordinates on a manifold

Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional (smooth) manifold and $(U,\phi)$ a chart for it. Then $\phi$ is a function from an open of $M$ to an open of $\mathbb{R}^n$. The book I'm reading claims that coordinates, say, $x^1,\ldots,x^n$ are not really functions from $U$ to $\mathbb{R}$, but...
4. A Intrinsic definition on a manifold

I'm reading "The Geometry of Physics" by Frankel. Exercise 1.3(1) asks what would be wrong in defining $||X||$ in an $M^n$ by $$||X||^2 = \sum_j (X_U^j)^2$$ The only problem I can see is that that definition is not independent of the chosen coordinate systems and thus not intrinsic to...
5. A Fundamental definition of extrinsic curvature

My question is quite simple: what is the fundamental definition of extrinsic curvature of an hypersurface? Let me explain why I have not just copied one definition from the abundant literature. The specific structure on the Lorentzian manifold that I'm considering does not imply that an...
6. Spacetime and Geometry: Vanishing commutators#2

This is a refinement of a previous thread (here). I hope I am following correct protocol. 1. Homework Statement I am studying Spacetime and Geometry : An Introduction to General Relativity by Sean M Carroll and have a question about commutators of vector fields. A vector field on a manifold...
7. Spacetime and Geometry: Vanishing commutators

1. Homework Statement I am studying Spacetime and Geometry : An Introduction to General Relativity by Sean M Carroll and have a question about commutators of vector fields. A vector field on a manifold can be thought of as differential operator which transforms smooth functions to smooth...
8. A Penrose paragraph on Bundle Cross-section?

I am reading "Road to Reality" by Rogen Penrose. In chapter 15, Fibre and Gauge Connection ,while going through Clifford Bundle, he says: ."""" ........Of course, this in itself does not tell us why the Clifford bundle has no continuous cross-sections. To understand this it will be helpful to...
9. A On the dependence of the curvature tensor on the metric

Hello! I was thinking about the Riemann curvature tensor(and the torsion tensor) and the way they are defined and it seems to me that they just need a connection(not Levi-Civita) to be defined. They don't need a metric. So, in reality, we can talk about the Riemann curvature tensor of smooth...
10. A Can you give an example of a non-Levi Civita connection?

Hello!! Since connections in general do not require that we have a Riemannian manifold, but only a smooth manifold, I find it kind of weird that the only examples of connections that I find in the internet are those which use the Levi-Civita connection. So, I wanted to know of any examples of...
11. C

Corporate CEO, Physicist

I am applying a Green's probabilistic elastodynamic tensor with relativistic manifold extensions to solve a pull out of a smoothly shaped deformable spheroid from a stiff inhomogenous deformable quasi-brittle host. This involves a Hooke's law tensor, a relativistic manifold Ricci tensor, a...
12. A Pullback, Pushforward: why?

In my ignorance, when first learning, I just assumed that one pushed a vector forward to where a form lived and then they ate each other. And I assumed one pulled a form back to where a vector lived (for the same reason). But I see now this is idiotic: for one does the pullback and pushforward...
13. A The meaning of an integral of a one-form

So I understand that the integral of a differential form ω over the boundary of some orientable manifold Ω is equal to the integral of its exterior derivative dω over the whole of Ω. And I understand that one can pull back the integral of a 1-form over a line to the line integral between the...
14. I Do derivative operators act on the manifold or in R^n?

I am really struggling with one concept in my study of differential geometry where there seems to be a conflict among different textbooks. To set up the question, let M be a manifold and let (U, φ) be a chart. Now suppose we have a curve γ:(-ε,+ε) → M such that γ(t)=0 at a ∈ M. Suppose further...
15. A A question about coordinate distance & geometrical distance

As I understand it, the notion of a distance between points on a manifold $M$ requires that the manifold be endowed with a metric $g$. In the case of ordinary Euclidean space this is simply the trivial identity matrix, i.e. $g_{\mu\nu}=\delta_{\mu\nu}$. In Euclidean space we also have that...
16. A Manifolds: local & global coordinate charts

I'm fairly new to differential geometry (learning with a view to understanding general relativity at a deeper level) and hoping I can clear up some questions I have about coordinate charts on manifolds. Is the reason why one can't construct global coordinate charts on manifolds in general...
17. A What is a topology intuitively?

I've recently been studying a bit of differential geometry in the hope of gaining a deeper understanding of the mathematics of general relativity (GR). I have come across the notion of a topology and whilst I understand the mathematical definition (in terms of endowing a set of points with the...
18. Praise Just Simply: Thank you

No question this time. Just a simple THANK YOU For almost two years years now, I have been struggling to learn: differential forms, exterior algebra, calculus on manifolds, Lie Algebra, Lie Groups. My math background was very deficient: I am a 55 year old retired (a good life) professor of...
19. The hyperriemann sphere

As many of you know, using the stereographic projection one can construct a homeomorphism between the the complex plane ℂ1 and the unit sphere S2∈ℝ3. But the stereographic projection can be extended to the n-sphere/n-dimensional Euclidean space ∀n≥1. Now what I am talking about is the the...
20. Tangent spaces at different points on a manifold

Why are tangent spaces on a general manifold associated to single points on the manifold? I've heard that it has to do with not being able to subtract/ add one point from/to another on a manifold (ignoring the concept of a connection at the moment), but I'm not sure I fully understand this - is...
21. Ricci rotation coefficients and non-coordinate bases

I'm currently working through chapter 7 on Riemannian geometry in Nakahara's book "Geometry, topology & physics" and I'm having a bit of trouble reproducing his calculation for the metric compatibility in a non-coordinate basis, using the Ricci rotation coefficients...
22. Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds: Theorem 5-3

I am trying to finish the last chapter of Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds book. I am stuck in trying to understand something that seems like it's supposed to be trivial but I can't figure it out. Suppose M is a manifold and \omega is a p-form on M. If f: W \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n is a...