What is Series resistance: Definition and 15 Discussions

Two-terminal components and electrical networks can be connected in series or parallel. The resulting electrical network will have two terminals, and itself can participate in a series or parallel topology. Whether a two-terminal "object" is an electrical component (e.g. a resistor) or an electrical network (e.g. resistors in series) is a matter of perspective. This article will use "component" to refer to a two-terminal "object" that participate in the series/parallel networks.
Components connected in series are connected along a single "electrical path", and each component has the same current through it, equal to the current through the network. The voltage across the network is equal to the sum of the voltages across each component. Components connected in parallel are connected along multiple paths, and each component has the same voltage across it, equal to the voltage across the network. The current through the network is equal to the sum of the currents through each component.
The two preceding statements are equivalent, except for exchanging the role of voltage and current.
A circuit composed solely of components connected in series is known as a series circuit; likewise, one connected completely in parallel is known as a parallel circuit. Many circuits can be analyzed as combination of series and parallel circuits, along with other configurations.
In a series circuit, the current that flows through each of the components is the same, and the voltage across the circuit is the sum of the individual voltage drops across each component. In a parallel circuit, the voltage across each of the components is the same, and the total current is the sum of the currents flowing through each component.Consider a very simple circuit consisting of four light bulbs and a 12-volt automotive battery. If a wire joins the battery to one bulb, to the next bulb, to the next bulb, to the next bulb, then back to the battery in one continuous loop, the bulbs are said to be in series. If each bulb is wired to the battery in a separate loop, the bulbs are said to be in parallel. If the four light bulbs are connected in series, the same current flows through all of them and the voltage drop is 3-volts across each bulb, which may not be sufficient to make them glow. If the light bulbs are connected in parallel, the currents through the light bulbs combine to form the current in the battery, while the voltage drop is 12-volts across each bulb and they all glow.
In a series circuit, every device must function for the circuit to be complete. If one bulb burns out in a series circuit, the entire circuit is broken. In parallel circuits, each light bulb has its own circuit, so all but one light could be burned out, and the last one will still function.

View More On Wikipedia.org
  1. B

    I Inductance Measurement: Error Due To Series Resistance

    Hi! Please refer to the word file. I am thinking of measuring inductance of an inductor by applying a DC voltage onto it. Then, calculate L = V/(di/dt). I wonder if the series resistance (R) of the voltage source plus of the inductor under test would cause much error. So, I derive the...
  2. Wrichik Basu

    How do you calculate the series resistance for this Triac control circuit?

    Disclaimer: Some of you might easily recognize that the components and circuit I am talking about are related to one of my projects, on which I had posted some months ago. Actually, the circuit is the same as the one in my project, but the one I am posting in this thread actually uses high...
  3. A

    How shunt and series resistance in a PV cell changes? Or are they stable?

    i really need help about shunt and series resistances i just want to know if they are constant or variable ? if they are variable what make them increase or decrease?
  4. Buggsy GC

    How will the voltage, current and resistance be distributed

    I have a lab to work through tomorrow morning and i need to be able to explain how the voltage, current and resistance in the compound circuit diagram below is distributed, and write an equation which can be used to measure the total resistance of the circuit. I know that when you normally try...
  5. B

    Thevenin reduction of network for fault analysis trouble.

    Homework Statement Reduction from top network to bottom network in the screen shot. I can not find the steps that have been taken to do this. Fault impedance = Zfa = Zfb = Zfc = j0.5 Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution in hand written screenshot, sorry for the mess, just to show it...
  6. S

    Finding series and shunt resistance of solar cell

    Hi, I am trying to find out series and shunt resistance of solar cell from I-V curve which starts from Isc and going to Voc. I read some papers and for single illumination mostly said Rs= -(dv/dI)V=Voc and Rsh= -(dv/dI)I=Isc. so I am finidng Rs from slope between points from Vmax to Voc, and...
  7. P

    Series resistors' output voltage

    In my electrical engineering textbook, in the section with voltage dividers, it says that after you combine two series resistors, then the output voltage can no longer be defined. It then said that thus the equivalence was made strictly from a voltage source standpoint. I do not understand why...
  8. B

    Solution to series resistance function

    Hi, I cannot solve for the function g(t) (eq. 6) in the attached figure where there are two series resistances. My solution is incomplete. I do not know how to use Vx in this solution, which is needed because it contains h(t) found in the solution.
  9. P

    Find the internal series resistance of the battery

    Homework Statement A battery is connected with a resistor R1=4 om and then it is replaced with the resistance 9 om. In both cases the heat released in the same time is the same. Find the inner resistor of the battery. Homework Equations Q=UIt (U-tension; I-intensity, t-time) I=e.m.f/R+r The...
  10. n.easwaranand

    Zener diode : Calculating the series resistance

    Homework Statement : [/B] Given a voltage regulator with 6.8V Zener diode, input voltage range of 15-20V and load current range 5mA-20mA. Calculate the series resistance R for the regulator.Homework Equations : [/B] Applying KVL and no load situation, we get R = (V - Vz)/Iz where V is the...
  11. R

    Series Resistance per unit length of an infinite tranmission line?

    Homework Statement We are to assume an infinite transmission line with the following parameters: capacitance: 296 ρF/ft Zc=52Ω inductance: 8.0 × 10-7 H/ft We are told that a 100MHz signal is attenuated 31 dB per 100 feet and asked based on the information, assuming no leakage through...
  12. F

    Series resistance of Schottky diode

    Homework Statement I have plotted the I-V characteristics of a Schottky diode under strong forward bias (0-0.7V, conduction begins at about 0.3V). I have to find the series resistance of the diode, rc. Homework Equations My notes give the equation...
  13. T

    Constant current for series resistance

    How do resistors of different resistances in series maintain constant current throughout a circuit? I mean is not the current supposed to decrease (within the resistor only) while going through the resistors? Need quick reply.
  14. M

    Equivalent series resistance of antenna?

    Hi! We entered a competition, and got the following question: Modern hearing instruments use wireless communication between the two ears to optimize the performance of the sound processing. The wireless link is typically a magnetic link in the lower MHz range. With this kind of link, each...
  15. N

    Series Resistance with Ansoft Maxwell SV for coax

    Hello, can anyone assist me in building a geometric model of an RG58 coax cable with Ansoft Maxwell SV using the appropriate solver to solve for the series impedance of the cable per unit lenght. The Ansoft Help files available do not cover this.