A doubt in angular momentum problem

In summary, the angular momentum of the small disk about axis 1 is the sum of the angular momentum of the disk about axis 2 and the angular momentum of the small disk about axis1.
  • #1
basheer uddin
30
2

Homework Statement


if a disk is rotating on another stationary disk and someone standing on the stationary disk stops it what will the final angular velocity of both the disks be?
the catch is that both the disks are not co axial. assume ω angular velocity, M mass of big disk.m mass of small disk.R radius of larger disk,R/2 radius of small disk.I1=moment of inertia of big disk with respect to axis 1,I2=moment of inertia of small disk with respect to axis 2
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Homework Equations


conservation of angular momentum

The Attempt at a Solution



what is the angular momentum of the small disk with respect to the axis of the larger disk?
its definitely not I2ω since it would be angular momentum about axis 2.please help
 
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  • #2
Your question as stated has a totally trivial answer. Since the question asks what is the final angular velocity of both disks after they are both stationary the answer is zero.
 
  • #3
basheer uddin said:
what is the angular momentum of the small disk with respect to the axis of the larger disk?
its definitely not I2ω since it would be angular momentum about axis 2.
Why do you think it cannot be the same?
You can represent a rotation about one axis as the sum of a linear motion and a rotation about another axis. Try doing that to express the smaller disk's rotation about axis 1.
 
  • #4
so you mean total angular momentum of small disk about axis 1 is the sum of angular momentum of the disk about axis 2(here, assuming it doesn't rotate about axis 1) and the angular momentum of the small disk about axis1 (here, assuming it doesn't rotate about axis 2)?
 
  • #5
basheer uddin said:
so you mean total angular momentum of small disk about axis 1 is the sum of angular momentum of the disk about axis 2(here, assuming it doesn't rotate about axis 1) and the angular momentum of the small disk about axis1 (here, assuming it doesn't rotate about axis 2)?
That can't be right - the first and third items in that list are the same: "the angular momentum of the small disk about axis1."
I'm saying that the small disk's rotation about its own axis can be rewritten (as an instantaneous description) as a rotation about axis 1 plus a linear motion. This only applies as a snapshot, but it gives you a way to handle what happens when the small disk is locked to the large disk.
Can you see how to do the rewrite? The angular velocity will be the same, and the linear velocity will be whatever is needed to make the centre of disk 1 instantaneously stationary.
 
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1. What is angular momentum?

Angular momentum is a physical quantity that describes the rotational motion of an object. It is the product of an object's moment of inertia and its angular velocity.

2. How is angular momentum different from linear momentum?

Angular momentum is a measure of an object's rotational motion, while linear momentum is a measure of its linear motion. Angular momentum takes into account the object's mass, its distribution around its axis of rotation, and its speed of rotation.

3. How is angular momentum conserved?

According to the law of conservation of angular momentum, the total angular momentum of a system remains constant unless acted upon by an external torque. This means that if no external torque is applied, the total angular momentum before and after an event will be the same.

4. What is the formula for calculating angular momentum?

The formula for calculating angular momentum is L = Iω, where L is angular momentum, I is moment of inertia, and ω is angular velocity. Moment of inertia is a measure of an object's resistance to angular acceleration, while angular velocity is the rate at which an object rotates.

5. Can angular momentum be negative?

Yes, angular momentum can be negative. It is a vector quantity, meaning it has both magnitude and direction. The direction of an object's angular momentum is determined by the direction of its angular velocity, and if the direction of rotation changes, the direction of angular momentum will also change, resulting in a negative value.

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