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A Proton is Accelerated Through What Voltage?

  1. Oct 17, 2009 #1
    A metal target sphere of 30 cm diameter suspended out in space is given a charge of +1.00 nC. Through what voltage must a distant proton be accelerated from rest (by some sort of space weapon) if it is to arrive at the sphere at a speed of 8.2*10^4 m/s? (Neglect any gravitational effects.)

    K0= 8.99*10^9, mass of proton= 1.67*10^-27kg, qe= 1.6*10^-19
    V= (K0*Q)/R
    1/2mvf^2= qe*delta V

    First I calculated V: (8.99*10^9)(1.00*10^-9)/0.15m= 59.93V
    Then I calculated Delta V: 1/2(1.67*10^-27)(82000^2)/1.6*10^-19= 35.09V
    59.93V+35.09= 95V

    Now, this is where I am confused. The answer is not 35V or 59V or even 95V. I really can't see any other way to solve this problem. Where am I going wrong? Any help is greatly appreciated.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 17, 2009 #2

    turin

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    Homework Helper

    Probably right here:
    Write the general principle that you're using here.
     
  4. Oct 17, 2009 #3
    What do you mean? That is the equation for kinetic energy of the proton. I don't know the principle behind it.
     
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