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Am I doing this torque on dipole problem right?

  1. Feb 1, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    You've got a circular loop with a steady current I and radius 'a' a distance r from a square current carrying loop with sides of 'b' and current I, r >>> a or b(and they're arranged in such a way as you can think of the circular loop's dipole as pointing up, and the square loop point right)

    What's the torque ON the square loop caused by the circular loop, and the square loop's final orientation assuming it's free to move

    2. Relevant equations
    A couple of ways to get B, I figure the curl of A, and I have A for a dipole, which will I use with the circular loop

    Then the torque on a dipole in a B field is B x m, where m is the dipole, in this case the square loop's dipole

    Err, I guess that was my attempt pretty much, I just need to make sure that's the right way to do it
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 1, 2007 #2
    Just a thought here, buuuut isn't the B field of a circular current just a straight line going through its center(orientated with the right hand rule)? So....would there even be a torque on the square loop?

    Edit: No wait that's totally wrong
     
    Last edited: Feb 1, 2007
  4. Feb 1, 2007 #3
    Think I got it, I'll just put in my own work for shiggles

    Well no, I don't know Latex worth a damn, suffice it to say I used the formula for B for a magnetic dipole sensed by another dipole, with the angle between them being pi/2, and ultimately I got

    N=-I^2ua^2b^2/(4r^3) in the x-hat direction, which I believe means it'd rotate until it was antiparallel with the circular loop's moment, then theta =0, and no more torque(though I guess technically it'd swing past but blah blah ultimately they're anti-aligned?)
     
  5. Feb 2, 2007 #4

    Meir Achuz

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    The magnetic dipole moment of each loop is just mu=IXarea/c (in gaussian units). Then, the torque is calculated just as if they were electric dipoles.
    torque=muXB, where B is torque due to the other dipole.
     
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