# Auxiallry Field in a Coaxial Cable

1. Nov 1, 2008

### TFM

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

A coaxial cable consists of two very long cylindrical tubes, separated by linear insulating material of magnetic susceptibility χm (see Figure). A current I flows down the inner conductor and returns along the outer one, in each case the current distributes itself uniformly over the surface.

a)

Find the magnetic field in the region between the tubes.

b)

As a check, calculate the magnetization and the (surface and volume) bound currents. Confirm that (together with, of course, the free current) they generate the correct magnetic field.

2. Relevant equations

Just Section A at the moment:

I have a feeling that these equations are useful (hinted in a similar question in textbook)

$$\oint H .dl =I_{f_encl}$$

$$B = \mu H$$

$$\mu = \mu_0(1+\chi_m)$$

3. The attempt at a solution

$$B = \mu_0(1+\chi_m)H$$

Does this look okay, what could be a good thing to do next?

TFM

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2. Nov 1, 2008

### Redbelly98

Staff Emeritus
You can use the integral expression you wrote to find H. Evaluate the integral around a circular loop.

Once you have H, your final expression can be used to get B.

3. Nov 1, 2008

### TFM

So:

$$\oint H .dl =I_{f_encl}$$

I think I am doing the wrong integral, but would it be

$$H \pi^2 =I_{f_encl}$$

Or would this be for dA?

TFM

4. Nov 1, 2008

### Redbelly98

Staff Emeritus
No, not sure where you are getting pi^2 from.

The integral is evaluated going around the circumference of a circle.

5. Nov 1, 2008

### TFM

I meant for that to be pi r squared, that's an area integral.

So would it be:

$$H 2 \pi r = I_{f_{encl}}$$

???

TFM

6. Nov 1, 2008

### Redbelly98

Staff Emeritus
Yes. So B = ?

7. Nov 2, 2008

### TFM

So:

$$H 2 \pi r = I_{f_{encl}}$$

which rearranges to give H:

$$H = \frac{I_{f_{encl}}}{2\pi r}$$

and since:

$$B = \mu_0(1+\chi_m)H$$

B equals:

$$B = \mu_0(1+\chi_m)(\frac{I_{f_{encl}}}{2\pi r})$$

$$B = \mu_0(1+\chi_m)H$$

B equals:

$$B = \mu_0(1+\chi_m)(\frac{I_{f_{encl}}}{2\pi r})$$

Does this look correct?

???

TFM

8. Nov 2, 2008

### Redbelly98

Staff Emeritus
Yes.

9. Nov 2, 2008

### TFM

Excellent, thanks.

So for part B,

Question

As a check, calculate the magnetization and the (surface and volume) bound currents. Confirm that (together with, of course, the free current) they generate the correct magnetic field.

Useful Equations:

Magnetization Equation:

$$M = nm$$

Surface bound current Equation:

$$j_{ind} = M x \hat{S}$$

Volume bound Current Equation:

$$J_{ind} = \nabla x M$$

Edit These twi above equations should be curl, not x

I am not sure if these are the right equations to use, though?

Where would be the best place to start?

???

TFM

10. Nov 2, 2008

### TFM

I have a feeling that this equation is very useful for the second part:

$$M = \chi_M H$$

where M is the Magnetization

Since we have worked out H to be:

$$H = \frac{I_{f_{encl}}}{2\pi r}$$

Is thuis a useful equation?

TFM

11. Nov 3, 2008

### TFM

So for this question, would the equation for magnetization be:

$$M = \chi_M (\frac{I_{f_{encl}}}{2\pi r})$$

does this look right?

thus would the surface bound current be:

$$j_{ind} = \chi_M (\frac{I_{f_{encl}}}{2\pi r}) \times \hat{S}$$

And the Volume bound current:

$$J_{ind} = \nabla \times (\chi_M (\frac{I_{f_{encl}}}{2\pi r}))$$

Is this right? If so, what might be the next logical step?

???

TFM

12. Nov 3, 2008

### Redbelly98

Staff Emeritus
It has been a while since I worked on this stuff, so I don't know about part (b). Maybe somebody else can help out here?

13. Nov 4, 2008

### gabbagabbahey

Hmmm... I think you'd better go back to part (a) for a moment, before I can help you through part (b) :

Let's make it a little more obvious which quantities are vectors and which are scalars; and what exactly you are integrating over...Ampere's Law for the Auxiliary Field $\vec{H}$ is:

$$\int_{\mathcal{P}} \vec{H} \cdot \vec{dl}=I_{f_{enc}}[/itex] Where $\mathcal{P}$ is an Amperian loop. While you seem to (thanks to RedBelly's assistance) have chosen the correct Amperian loop, you have neglected to explicitly state your choice and justify it's usefulness...Hint: How does the cylindrical symmetry in this problem help you here? Which direction must $\vec{H}$ point in? Once you have explicitly stated what your Amperian loop is, you should be able to explicitly determine the amount of free current enclosed in it, $I_{f_{enc}}$ in terms of the $I$ given in the problem. 14. Nov 4, 2008 ### TFM Well the Magnetic field will decrease in strength the further from the wire you get. the [tex] \vec{H}$$ Should point in the direction of be radially outwards using right hand rule on diagram?

TFM

15. Nov 4, 2008

### gabbagabbahey

No, $\vec{H}$ is not radially outwards...what are the free currents in this problem, and which direction do they point? Point your thumb in the direction of the current and your fingers will curl in the direction of the field...are you familiar with cylindrical coordinates $s$,$\phi$ and $z$? If you orient your coordinate system so that the axis of the cylinder is along the z-axis ($\hat{z}$ direction), then what direction does that give you for $\vec{H}$?

Last edited: Nov 4, 2008
16. Nov 4, 2008

### TFM

The free current is the current traveling in the wire. it is going upwards in the inner wire, and downwards in the outer cylinder/cable

I am slightly confused by:

If your thumb points in the direction of the current, how can the curl of your fingers also be the current?

TFM

17. Nov 4, 2008

### gabbagabbahey

Sorry, that was a typo; the second "current" was supposed to be "field"...I've edited my post.

...In terms of the cylindrical unit vectors, $\hat{s}$,$\hat{\phi}$ and $\hat{z}$, which direction do the currents flow (Don't worry about whether they flow in the positive or negative direction)?

18. Nov 4, 2008

### TFM

Judging by this the field is flowing in circles, so in terms of cylindrical coordinates, it must be:

$$\hat{\phi}$$

TFM

19. Nov 4, 2008

### gabbagabbahey

Yes, now what is the direction of $\vec{dl}$ If you choose a coaxial circle as your Amperian loop?

20. Nov 4, 2008

### TFM

Would it be:

$$\hat{s}$$

Since it is for a circle of radius r through a full 360 degrees?

TFM