(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); [SOLVED] Bijection between Banach spaces.

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Let E and F be two Banach space, f:E-->F be a continuous linear bijection and g:E-->F be linear and such that [tex]g\circ f^{-1}[/tex] is continuous and [tex]||g\circ f^{-1}||<1[/tex]. Show that (f+g) is invertible and [tex](f+g)^{-1}[/tex] is continuous. [Hint: consider [tex](f+g)\circ f^{-1}[/tex]]

3. The attempt at a solution

The second part is easy once we have the first:

1° g is continuous: let x be in E and y be the unique element of F such that y=f(x). Then, [tex]||g(x)||=||(g\circ f^{-1})(y)|| \leq ||g\circ f^{-1}||||y||<||f(x)||\leq||f||||x||[/tex] whence [tex]||g||\leq ||f||[/tex], i.e. g is continuous, since f is.

2° It follows that f+g is continuous. Assuming it is also bijective, it is an open mapping, according to the open mapping theorem. That is to say, [tex](f+g)^{-1}[/tex] is continuous.

But what about the first part?

Based on the hint, it is obviously enough to show that [tex](f+g)\circ f^{-1}[/tex] is injective. (Since it is a mapping from F to F, it will then automatically be bijective , and composing this bijection with the bijection f yields (the bijection) f+g)

But how do we show that [tex](f+g)\circ f^{-1} = \mathbb{I}_F+(g\circ f^{-1})[/tex] is injective?

Note that I have used the fact that g o f^-1 is continuous, but I haven't really used the fact that its norm is strictly lesser than one. This amount to saying that g o f^-1 is acontraction. Since F is complete, by Banach's fixed point thm, it possesses a unique fixed point y*.

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# Homework Help: Bijection between Banach spaces.

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