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Book answer wrong? Work = Fd question. Space Shuttle entry

  1. Oct 29, 2015 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The space shuttle has 8.45 x 10(to the power12) joules of energy transfer over an 8000km flight path. What force is applied by the atmosphere?

    2. Relevant equations
    The book answer is 1.06 x 10 (to the power nine) newtons.

    I think the book answer is wrong. They've shown the calculation as 8.45 x 10(to the power12) / 8 x 10 (to the power 3).

    I think the mistake is that they should have used the value 8 x 10 (to the power 3)

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Work = Force x distance

    Force = 8.45 x 10(to the power12) / 8000 x 10 (to the power 3).

    Force = 1056250 N = 1.06 x 10 (to the power 6)

    Please advise. This is High School physics
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 29, 2015 #2

    DrClaude

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    Staff: Mentor

    Yes, they appear to be off by 3 orders of magnitude.

    By the way, you can use the x2 symbol on the toolbar to get exponents: 103.
     
  4. Oct 29, 2015 #3
    Thanks ... so my answer Force = = 1.06 x 106 is correct. I was thinking does the shuttle really have a flight path of 8000km as the question says? The distance from atmosphere to Earths surface is much less isn't it ?? Had a quick look on internet and looks like 400 km
     
  5. Oct 29, 2015 #4

    SteamKing

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    Yes, but does the shuttle come to a complete stop in outer space and then fall straight to the ground? That's the only way the distance on re-entry becomes 400 km.
     
  6. Oct 29, 2015 #5
    Oh I see .... the shuttle does not just drop onto Earth perpendicular to a point on the surface. It flies in an orbit around the Earth so the path is 8000 km
     
  7. Oct 29, 2015 #6

    SteamKing

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    You got it, except the Shuttle is technically no longer in orbit.

    The great length of this path is designed so that the Shuttle bleeds off the kinetic energy from orbiting the earth and slows down to a manageable landing speed by the time it reaches its landing field. The Shuttle is not powered after re-entry to the atmosphere and glides to its final destination.
     
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