Book Definition and 86 Discussions

A book is a medium for recording information in the form of writing or images, typically composed of many pages (made of papyrus, parchment, vellum, or paper) bound together and protected by a cover. The technical term for this physical arrangement is codex (plural, codices). In the history of hand-held physical supports for extended written compositions or records, the codex replaces its predecessor, the scroll. A single sheet in a codex is a leaf and each side of a leaf is a page.
As an intellectual object, a book is prototypically a composition of such great length that it takes a considerable investment of time to compose and still considered as an investment of time to read. In a restricted sense, a book is a self-sufficient section or part of a longer composition, a usage that reflects the fact that, in antiquity, long works had to be written on several scrolls and each scroll had to be identified by the book it contained. Each part of Aristotle's Physics is called a book. In an unrestricted sense, a book is the compositional whole of which such sections, whether called books or chapters or parts, are parts.
The intellectual content in a physical book need not be a composition, nor even be called a book. Books can consist only of drawings, engravings or photographs, crossword puzzles or cut-out dolls. In a physical book, the pages can be left blank or can feature an abstract set of lines to support entries, such as in an account book, an appointment book, an autograph book, a notebook, a diary or a sketchbook. Some physical books are made with pages thick and sturdy enough to support other physical objects, like a scrapbook or photograph album. Books may be distributed in electronic form as ebooks and other formats.
Although in ordinary academic parlance a monograph is understood to be a specialist academic work, rather than a reference work on a scholarly subject, in library and information science monograph denotes more broadly any non-serial publication complete in one volume (book) or a finite number of volumes (even a novel like Proust's seven-volume In Search of Lost Time), in contrast to serial publications like a magazine, journal or newspaper. An avid reader or collector of books is a bibliophile or colloquially, "bookworm". A place where books are traded is a bookshop or bookstore. Books are also sold elsewhere and can be borrowed from libraries. Google has estimated that by 2010, approximately 130,000,000 titles had been published. In some wealthier nations, the sale of printed books has decreased because of the increased usage of ebooks.

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  1. NODARman

    I Why does the answer key sometimes have a different form compared to my solution?

    When I solve the equation sometimes the answer in the answer keys is different but the same. Why do they do that? For example: After solving the equation I got 1/√2 which is the same as √2/2 because we multiplied it by √2/√2. Is there any good explanation why the book writer mathematicians like...
  2. E

    Chemistry Thoughts on Introduction to Chemistry fourth Edition by Bauer?

    Hi there, I am currently reading introduction to Chemistry fourth edition by Bauer, Birk, Marks. what do you guys think about this book? is it a good book? I am doubting the quality of the book because I found one wrong statement about the reaction of Alkaline Earth Metals. It said "Alkaline...
  3. StenEdeback

    I Good introductory book for chaos theory?

    Hi, I have undergraduate level knowledge about mathematics, quantum physics, and general theory of relativity. Now I am curious about chaos theory, and I would be grateful for suggestions of good introductory books to chaos theory. They may be both introductory and a bit more advanced. Best...
  4. StenEdeback

    Good introductory book about Lie Group Theory?

    Summary:: Good introductory book about Group Theory? Hi, I am looking for a good introductory book about Group Theory for physicists.
  5. E

    Engineering Electric Power Systems book recommendation

    Summary:: Electric Power Systems book recommendation Hi everyone, I finished my Electrical Engineering degree 15 years ago and wanted to refresh/review/update my knowledge on Electrical Power Systems. I'm looking for a book recommendation that has: components of a power system, control of...
  6. jamalkoiyess

    How do you guys read a textbook?

    I am always trying to read textbooks (physics, in courses, or independently), and every time I end up in one of these situations: The book gets too technical for me to understand, or mentions something I do not know. The book goes on for too long and gets boring after the introductory chapters...
  7. Hamiltonian

    Calculus Books for practice integration problems and calc 3

    I am looking for a (practice)book that has problems on definite and indefinite integration from easy to intermediate. also which book covers the prerequisites of calculus for books like Griffiths.(similar to the topics in chap 1 of Griffiths but more in-depth)
  8. jamalkoiyess

    Other Exercise book between underg and grad physics

    Hello, I am in my last year of undergrad and wanted a good book of diverse exercises to serve both as a memory refresher on my physics and as a fun pass time for this summer. Altho my goal is something that can span most of undergrad physics, I am not looking for anything easy and would enjoy...
  9. Yadvendra

    Engineering Book suggestions (Civil engineer needing to study graduate level physics for an exam)

    Summary:: Need book suggestion for following syllabus. (Globally available hardcopy is preferred) I'm a civil engineer and need to study graduate level physics for an exam. I need suggestion for a book consisting basic to moderate depth of the topics below. I've comfortable with both, algebra...
  10. KingOfDirewolves

    Intro Physics Fluid Mechanics Textbooks

    Can anyone suggest me a Fluid Mechanics textbook? I am currently in High School in my Junior Year. I am looking for a entry-level textbook so I will be able to solve I.E. Irodov's Hydrodynamics section. (My Mathematics is quite strong)
  11. afternoone

    Electronics DIY a wireless charger into a book

    Check my art DIY a wireless charger into a book how it looks like after finish here is the video: DIY a wireless charger into a book the brand is Soopus-X if you ask
  12. C

    Good book for GR and QM?

    hi! Do you know about a good book that introduces relativistic quantum mechanics with one-forms (diferential forms) like the book a first course of general relativity of Schutz does?
  13. L

    QFT books to continue after Schwartz

    I have taken one first QFT course last year which used Matthew Schwartz "Quantum Field Theory and the Standard Model" book. The course went all the way to renormalization of QED, although path integrals weren't discussed. Now I want to continue learning QFT and also I want to make a second...
  14. S

    French student look after pre-calculus books

    Hi there , well my questions is in the title but i have to say some things : I have multiples mathematiques and physics courses calc-based and so i want to review the basic . I already search around this forum and others and i find some books who looks popular here there are : - Pre-Calculus...
  15. C

    Quantum Intermediate-level QM book aimed on foundational issues

    Hey there! While considering going into foundational issues in QM (reading abou entanglement and Bell's theorems now), I realized I may need a better grasp of QM. I have studied both Griffiths' and Cohen-Tannoudji's (both volumes, excluding the appendices) books. I am not very confident in my...
  16. José Ricardo

    Calculus Best books to study Calculus

    What are the best book to study Calculus? And there is a academic book with History of Calculus? I would like recommendations. I appreciate all.
  17. L

    Studying How to self-study advanced books like Weinberg's QFT?

    Although the question came to my mind while studying Weinberg's QFT books, the doubt is much more general than that, and is not a doubt about physics, but rather about how to actually study and learn the topic alone from the book. From one point I agree that coming up with this doubt nearly...
  18. U

    Geometry Differential Geometry Book

    Hello, does anyone know an (more or less) easy differential geometry book for courses in generall relativity and quantum field theory? I'm looking for a book without proofs that focus on how to do calculations and also gives some geometrical intuition. I already looked at The Geometry of...
  19. J

    Classical Textbooks to qualify for USAPhO?

    What textbook should I get for preparation for f=ma granted I literally know nothing in physics as of now? I've heard David Morin's "Introduction to Classical Mechanics" is nice as well as "Fundamentals of Physics" by Resnick, Halladay, and Walker. Is there a textbook which I can use for both...
  20. V

    How to make chemistry my forte

    Hi everyone, I am a 10th grade student studying in India( would be in 11th in 2 months) I am not very good at chemistry. I have difficulty understanding the concepts. Although I don't have any doubts, I just don't feel confident. Also, my teacher is not very good. Whenever I would ask him...
  21. pat65

    Relativity Gravity in a Nutshell is too chatty, would like something else

    Hello All, I recently purchased a book on relativity called "Gravity in a Nutshell" by Zee. While it is interesting I find his conversational style to be too chatty. I prefer a little more of a "get to the point" conversational style. I'm going to be modeling the evolution of the...
  22. J

    Applied Numerical Analysis book question

    So in my future numerical analysis class the recommended book i liked the most was Numerical mathematics by Quarteroni : Since i like this...
  23. A

    Other Books by Physics Forums Members

    Hi everyone! First of all I want to congratulate @Orodruin for his book publication! I myself thought that maybe someday, I would like to write a book. So I became a little bit curious about other titles that may have been written by Physicsforum members. I hear Benjamin Crowell is also a member...
  24. scottdave

    Other Correction to a book (magnetic compass)

    This article (in the picture) states that the end of a compass needle which points toward North is its south pole since the Earth's "magnet" has a North magnet at the North. But in reality, there is a south magnet pole (not sure about that terminology) near Earth's North Pole, attracting all...
  25. UsableThought

    Has anyone read "Willful Ignorance" by Herbert Weisberg?

    (To any passing moderator: Feel free to move this to "statistics" forum if you feel that would be more appropriate.) Although my "to read" list is already too long, I have lately been getting increasingly interested in learning the basics of conditional probability, including Bayesian analysis...
  26. Andy_K

    Cosmology Review of Hidden In Plain Sight Series

    Has anyone read the 7-book series [Broken] by Andrew Thomas? Just wondering what you think of his conjectures / speculations at the final sections of each book, i.e. on the link between relativity and quantum mechanics, equation of the universe, etc... I like that he...
  27. Avatrin

    C/C++ Learning C/C++ through exercises

    I often find it quite frustrating to learn a programming language through a book; I always find myself skipping through huge parts of the book I have to read before moving onto the exercises. That was the main reason I did not ace my Python exam at university; I was told to use syntax I hadn't...
  28. B

    Algebra Supplementary Problems for Zariski/Samuel's Commutative Alg.

    Dear teachers, I am curious if you know some good books that have problems well supplemented to "Commutative Algebra I-II" by Zariski/Samuel. I am really enjoying it, but it does not have any exercise, leaving me to try coming up with my own problems (it is fun to do, but I would like to solve...
  29. B

    Algebra Tips for reading Grothendieck's EGA/SGA/FGA trilogy

    Dear Physics Forum advisers, I am very interested in studying the art of algebraic geometry, motivated by its applications in the machine learning and data analytics. I recently came across Grothendieck's EGA/SGA/FGA saga, and I am really interested in reading it as I like how it presents the...
  30. doktorwho

    Best Book to learn C

    Hear me out on this. I am an absolute beginner to C, i know some Python and i just finihed a month course on Pascal (school currciulum) and we're starting C by the end of February. Even though I am a beginner I am a fast learner and i want a book that is escalating moderatly or even fast. Also...
  31. Z

    What is the best textbook for learning C++?

    I've taken a class in C++ and we used Bjarne Stroustrup's Programming: Principles and Practice Using C++. We only got to the point to where we were just starting to learn about pointers, so I still consider myself a beginner. C++ is my first programming language. I really like how Bjarne...
  32. doktorwho

    Best app for writing LaTeX

    hi, do you happen to know any app for iOS that can create pdf-s by writing LaTeX. I know of Texpad and Texwriter but don't know if they can create pdf-s from the code you write. Any help?
  33. Cool4Kat

    Book about the History of Electricity

    Hi there, My name is Kathy and I am writing a book about the history of electrical discoveries. I am writing the book for adults who have limited (or no) science backgrounds with a lot of personal details (like Bose who liked to give electric kisses to attractive women, or Alexander Bell's...
  34. C

    B What books do guys use?

    What's some name of the books you guys have? Thank you in advance!
  35. mr.tea

    Prob/Stats Probability with measure theory

    Hi, I am looking for a book for studying probability theory using measure theory. This is the first course I am taking of probability. Notions and theorems from measure theory are part of this course. As it turns out, this is a catastrophic disaster, and the textbook for this course is also not...
  36. B

    Geometry Regarding to Spivak's Differential Geometry trilogy

    I would like to begin my first exploration of the arts of differential geometry/topology with the first volume of M. Spivak's five-volume set in the different geometry. Is a thorough understanding of vector calculus must before reading his book? I read neither of his Calculus nor Calculus on...
  37. J

    B Title of A Book About Relativity and Other Physics Concepts

    Hi Everyone! I used to have a book that explained physics concepts quite simply. I used to read it when I was about 8 or 9 years old and one chapter really stuck with me (I'm 25 now). I'm not sure where the book went, and have been looking for it for some time and think this might be the best...
  38. SrVishi

    Algebra Categories for the Working Mathematician

    Hello. I am about to start learning category theory. I keep hearing mixed opinions on the book Categories for the Working Mathematician, by Sanders MacLane (I am aware he is one of the founders of the theory). Some say it's a "must read", and others have called it "outdated." What would seem...
  39. L

    Studying Resources for reviewing Electrodynamics

    In two months I'm going to take one Physics exam which covers all the undergraduate courses and I must confess I feel quite overwhelmed by the amount of content that there is to be reviewed. In truth I feel that for the purpose of preparing for one exame like this it is not really productive to...
  40. B

    Analysis Seeking books that cover my upcoming math course

    Hello! I am currently searching for some alternative books I can use for the analysis course starting on this Fall Semester. The course will cover the compactness, contraction principles, approximation theory, and some applications like special functions and Fourier series. The required...
  41. B

    Analysis Supplements to Complex Analysis of Rudin-RCA?

    Dear Physics Forum friends, I will be doing a reading course in the complex analysis starting on this Fall Semester. The assigned book is Rudin's Real and Complex Analysis. From my understanding, Rudin treats complex analysis very elegantly, but very terse. I am curious if you could suggest...
  42. E

    Intro Physics College Physics with Calculus help book suggestions

    Hello everyone, Im currently taking my first semester of College Physics with Calculus and i need a good book to help me study concepts and maybe have example problems that have step by step analysis. Any Suggestions?
  43. B

    Analysis Leonard Euler's Books in Analysis and Algebra

    Dear Physics Forums friends, I am an aspiring mathematician who is deeply interested in the analysis, topology, and their applications to the microbiology. Recently, I started to become very curious about why concepts and theorems in the real analysis and topics come as they are; the...
  44. B

    Topology Alternative Books to Rudin-PMA's Chp. 8-12

    Hello! What books are excellent choice to reaplace Rudin-PMA's Chapters 8-12? I am specifically interested in the easier books than Rudin that treat the analysis of functions of several variables, manifolds, and differential forms; my next goal is to study the differential geometry/topology...
  45. B

    Studying Am I Reading Math Textbooks Efficiently?

    Dear Physics Forum friends, I am an undergraduate at US actively pursuing mathematics and microbiology. Recently, I started to evaluate my methodology of reading books in the mathematics, which raised me some concerns and worry that I want to share with you, and seek advice from you. Whenever...
  46. Z

    Other I need a book for math competitions

    Hi As the title suggests, I'm looking for a math book that has some competition-style problems in it, with explanations on how to solve them. I have found numerous of other competitions online but the explanations are very not understandable for me. I am NOT talking about international...
  47. Peter25samaha

    Other International math and physics high school books

    I want to learn high school physics and math but using the international curriculum I want to see everything taught at high school in those books from grade 9 to 12 any suggestion ?
  48. B

    Number Theory Concise Introduction Book to Number Theory?

    Dear Physics Forum advisers, Could you recommend me some brief, introductory books on the number theory I can read for few weeks before jumping into the analytic number theory? Big part of my near-future research project will involve a lot of the analytic number theory, so it is needed to read...
  49. B

    Analysis How are Bourbaki's book and Dieudonne's book?

    Dear Physics Forum friends, While vigorously studying Dugundji's Topology and Rudin's PMA, I found that the reference mentions the series of books written by N. Bourbaki, known as "Elements of Mathematics", and Dieudonne's Foundations of Modern Analysis. How are those books, specifically their...
  50. B

    Topology How are Kelley, Dugundji, and Willard compared to Munkres?

    Dear all, I recently found the topology textbooks written by Kelley, Dugundji, and Willard, which I heard that they are more concise and motivational than Munkres, which is a required text for my current topology course. I actually do not like Munkres as he is very verbose, and his problems...